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We reviewed our experience with tracheal and bronchial trauma from 1977 to 1988. There were 22 patients with tracheobronchial injuries treated in this period. Seventeen (77%) of the injuries were due to penetrating trauma and five (23%) were due to blunt trauma. Thirteen patients had major associated injuries, including six esophageal injuries. The most(More)
Sixty-nine patients with perforation of the esophagus were treated at the University of California, San Francisco, from 1977 to 1988. The perforation was iatrogenic in 33 (48%) of the patients, spontaneous in 8 (12%), and a result of external trauma in 23 (33%). Clinical findings included chest pain in 36 (52%) of 69 patients, subcutaneous emphysema in 22(More)
Physiological and psychological parameters of 20 survivors of penetrating wounds of the heart were examined 7 to 52 months after recovery. All survivors had cardiac complaints. The psychological parameters for hypochondriasis, compulsiveness, and internalization were much greater in the patients than in control subjects but were similar to those in victims(More)
The charts of 175 patients who underwent emergency thoracotomy (ET) in the emergency room (ER) between 1972 and 1978 were reviewed to determine the efficacy of this procedure. Seven cases of nontraumatic cardiac arrest were excluded from analysis. Although 150 patients were transported to the ER within 1 hour of injury, 60% either had no vital signs (91(More)
Objective: To investigate the relationship between loss of haemofilter circuits due to blood clots and requirement for blood transfusion in intensive care patients. Design: Retrospective case note review. Setting: A British, nine-bed, tertiary, medical and surgical intensive care unit (ICU) serving a 950-bed university teaching hospital. Patients:(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare acid-base balance, lactate concentration, and haemodynamic and O2 transport variables during haemofiltration with replacement fluid containing 44.5 mmol/l Na+ lactate or 40 mmol/l Na+ HCO3- and 3 mmol/l lactic acid. DESIGN A prospective, randomized trial. SETTING A multidisciplinary, adult intensive care unit in a university(More)