Antony N Gerber

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The differentiation of muscle cells is controlled by the MyoD family of transcription factors. This family is regulated by extracellular growth factors that transmit largely unknown signals into the cells. Here we show that the activity of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), a kinase that is part of the mitogen-activated protein kinase(More)
There is increasing recognition that stochastic processes regulate highly predictable patterns of gene expression in developing organisms, but the implications of stochastic gene expression for understanding haploinsufficiency remain largely unexplored. We have used simulations of stochastic gene expression to illustrate that gene copy number and expression(More)
Genetic studies have demonstrated that MyoD and Myf5 establish the skeletal muscle lineage, whereas myogenin mediates terminal differentiation, yet the molecular basis for this distinction is not understood. We show that MyoD can remodel chromatin at binding sites in muscle gene enhancers and activate transcription at previously silent loci. TGF-beta,(More)
The mechanism by which activation of the Hedgehog (Hh) pathway modulates differentiation and promotes oncogenesis in specific tissues is poorly understood. We therefore, analysed rhabdomyosarcomas from mice that were haploinsufficient for the Hh-binding protein, Hip1, or for the Hh receptor, Patched 1 (Ptch1). Transfection of the Hh-regulated transcription(More)
The basic helix-loop-helix protein MyoD induces muscle structural gene expression and cell cycle withdrawal in many nontransformed cell lines. We show that MyoD activation of transcription of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 does not require synthesis of an intermediary protein. In most of the rhabdomyosarcoma and other solid tumor cell lines that(More)
Inflammatory signals induce feedback and feedforward systems that provide temporal control. Although glucocorticoids can repress inflammatory gene expression, glucocorticoid receptor recruitment increases expression of negative feedback and feedforward regulators, including the phosphatase, DUSP1, the ubiquitin-modifying enzyme, TNFAIP3, or the(More)
Basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins mediate terminal differentiation in many lineages. By using the bHLH protein MyoD, which can dominantly activate the myogenic differentiation program in numerous cell types, we demonstrated that recessive defects in bHLH protein function are present in human tumor lines. In contrast to prior work with primary cell(More)
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