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Animal studies suggest that the insulin-like growth factors play an important role in preimplantation embryo development. Human preimplantation embryos express mRNA for insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) but the ligand, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), is not expressed by the embryo until after implantation. We tested the hypothesis that(More)
Insulin, insulin-like growth factor-I (Igf-I), and insulin-like growth factor-II (Igf-II) are known to enhance growth in mouse preimplantation embryos. The addition of insulin, Igf-I, and Igf-II to mouse embryos in culture results in an increase in protein synthesis, cell number, and the proportion of embryos developing to the blastocyst stage. To study the(More)
BACKGROUND Women with ovaries of polycystic morphology (PCO), without any other features of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), respond similarly to women with PCOS when stimulated with exogenous gonadotrophins, and both groups share various endocrinological disturbances underlying their pathology. In women with PCOS, metformin co-treatment during IVF has(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to determine the accuracy of RhD typing by use of amniocytes obtained at amniocentesis in RhD-negative women. STUDY DESIGN One hundred thirty-five RhD-negative women undergoing amniocentesis for management of suspected alloimmunization (n = 95) or routine second-trimester cytogenetic indications (n = 40) were studied. Amniocytes(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated whether reliable prenatal diagnosis is possible from fetal cells harvested transcervically in first-trimester pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN Fetal cells were obtained transcervically from 87 women undergoing pregnancy termination. Fetal gender was determined in 51 pregnancies with three different polymerase chain reaction techniques(More)
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