Antony J Mathews

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Previously identified, potentially neuroprotective reactions of neuroglobin require the existence of yet unknown redox partners. We show here that the reduction of ferric neuroglobin by cytochrome b(5) is relatively slow (k=6 x 10(2)M(-1)s(-1) at pH 7.0) and thus is unlikely to be of physiological significance. In contrast, the reaction between ferrous(More)
To develop an assay for hemin dissociation, His64(E7) was replaced by Tyr in sperm whale myoglobin producing a holoprotein with a distinct green color due to an intense absorption band at 600 nm. Val68(E11) was replaced by Phe in the same protein to increase its stability. When excess Tyr64-Val68 apoglobin is mixed with either metmyoglobin or methemoglobin,(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated as mediator in a variety of physiological functions, including neurotransmission, platelet aggregation, macrophage function, and vasodilation. The consumption of NO by extracellular hemoglobin and subsequent vasoconstriction have been suggested to be the cause of the mild hypertensive events reported during in vivo(More)
Sperm whale myoglobin mutants were constructed using site-directed mutagenesis to replace the highly conserved distal histidine residue (His(E7)-64). His-64 was substituted with Gly, Val, Phe, Cys, Met, Lys, Arg, Asp, Thr, and Tyr, and all 10 mutant proteins expressed to approximately 10% of the total soluble cell protein in Escherichia coli as heme(More)
Rate constants for hemin dissociation from the alpha and beta subunits of native and recombinant human hemoglobins were measured as a function of protein concentration at pH 7.0, 37 degrees C, using H64Y/V68F apomyoglobin as a hemin acceptor reagent. Hemin dissociation rates were also measured for native isolated alpha and beta chains and for recombinant(More)
Isotope ratio monitoring (IRM) mass spectrometry was used to measure the relative abundance of stable isotopes in several samples of adult human hemoglobin expressed in E. coli, yeast, and human blood. The results showed significant differences in the distribution of (15)N and (13)C isotopes among hemoglobin samples produced in these organisms. This(More)
A variety of human haemoglobins (Hbs) are produced at different stages of human development, including three embryonic Hbs, foetal Hb and adult Hb. All are heterotetramers. During crystallization experiments on human embryonic Hb Portland (zeta(2)gamma(2)), it was discovered by crystallographic and biochemical analysis that the homotetramer Hb Bart's(More)
The reaction of ascorbate with recombinant hemoglobin (rHb1.1) in the presence of differing partial pressures of oxygen was studied. In the presence of 15 000 ppm (1.5%) residual oxygen, ascorbate/oxygen-mediated reactions resulted in an increased rate of autoxidation, modification of the beta-globin, increased oxygen affinity and decreased maximum Hill(More)