Antony Barton

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Capsaicin, resiniferatoxin, protons or heat have been shown to activate an ion channel, termed the rat vanilloid receptor-1 (rVR1), originally isolated by expression cloning for a capsaicin sensitive phenotype. Here we describe the cloning of a human vanilloid receptor-1 (hVR1) cDNA containing a 2517 bp open reading frame that encodes a protein with 92%(More)
Human HtrA2 is a novel member of the HtrA serine protease family and shows extensive homology to the Escherichia coli HtrA genes that are essential for bacterial survival at high temperatures. HumHtrA2 is also homologous to human HtrA1, also known as L56/HtrA, which is differentially expressed in human osteoarthritic cartilage and after SV40 transformation(More)
Many potentially valuable techniques for the understanding of human neurobiological and neuropathological processes require the use of RNA obtained from postmortem tissue. As with earlier neurochemical studies, there are two particular problems posed by such tissue in comparison with tissue from experimental animals. These are the postmortem interval and(More)
Presenilin-1 (PS-1) has been identified as the protein encoded by the chromosome 14 locus that, when mutated, leads to familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). Using PS-1 transfected SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cells, we have demonstrated by immunodetection, using polyclonal antibodies, that PS-1 is processed to give two fragments: an N-terminal 28 kDa fragment, and a(More)
The microtubule-associated protein tau is present in the pathologic hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease and its production and deposition have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the disease. We detected tau mRNA using in situ hybridization histochemistry in the hippocampus, visual cortex, and cerebellum, and compared its level in Alzheimer's disease with(More)
In situ hybridization histochemistry has been used to study the amount of M1 muscarinic receptor mRNA in temporal cortex from subjects with Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders, where the duration of terminal coma was known. Total polyadenylated mRNA and glutamate decarboxylase activity were also measured. Both muscarinic receptor mRNA(More)
A 35S-labelled synthetic oligonucleotide directed against part of the mRNA coding for the M1 subtype muscarinic receptor was used for in situ hybridization histochemistry in sections of human temporal cortex. M1 receptor mRNA was found in cell populations throughout the grey matter, especially in pyramidal cells. Quantitative densitometric analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND Although large olfactory groove meningiomas present in the midline, tumor volume is often unequally distributed to one side. Most surgeons favor a bifrontal craniotomy with retraction or partial resection of the frontal lobes to resect these tumors. However, frontal lobe retraction is not without complications. METHODS We present a technical(More)
Heat shock proteins (hsps) are involved in the response by cells to stress including hyperthermia, hypoxia and injury. Previous work has demonstrated expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) encoding 70 kDa hsps (hsp70) in animal brain in response to stimuli such as these. We have used in situ hybridization histochemistry to assess the distribution and quantity(More)
In situ hybridization histochemistry (ISHH) using synthetic oligonucleotide probes has been used to identify cells containing the mRNAs coding for glutaminase (GluT), aspartate aminotransferase (AspT) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). The distribution of GAD mRNA confirms previous descriptions and matches the distribution of GAD detected using specific(More)