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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS In contrast to microalbuminuric type 2 diabetic patients, the factors correlated with urinary albumin excretion are less well known in normoalbuminuric patients. This may be important because even within the normoalbuminuric range, higher rates of albuminuria are known to be associated with higher renal and cardiovascular risk. METHODS At(More)
In six patients with nephrotic syndrome of various aetiology, the increase in absolute and fractional sodium excretion (FENa) after a bolus injection of 100 micrograms alpha-human atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) was not different from the effect in normal healthy subjects at comparable sodium levels. Glomerular filtration rate rose in normals as well as in(More)
BACKGROUND Renal size and function reflect the health of the kidney. These parameters are associated with age, gender and body weight. The kidneys are also influenced by micro- and macrovascular diseases. Atherosclerotic markers and risk factors may influence the age-related changes of renal size and function. METHODS Data of 1056 patients who entered the(More)
Diabetic nephropathy has developed into a worldwide epidemic and is responsible for the majority of end-stage renal disease in most countries. Antihypertensive treatment slows the progression of the disease. In addition, blockade of the renin-angiotensin system reduces the degree of albuminuria and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) have been shown to(More)
Assuming that lithium is exclusively reabsorbed in the proximal tubules in proportion to sodium and water, the lithium clearance (CLi) has been advanced as an index of filtrate delivery from the proximal tubules. However, studies in the rat and dog showed that CLi drops sharply at fractional sodium excretion rates (FENa) below 0.4% due to lithium(More)
3037 Background: Hypertension is the most common side effect in trials with inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling, although the underlying pathophysiology is unclear. As the use of anti-VEGF therapy is increasing, hypertension and related serious adverse events are likely to become more important. METHODS To better understand(More)
OBJECTIVE The presence of kinase-insert domain-containing receptor (KDR) on circulating CD34+ cells is assumed to be indicative for the potential of these cells to support vascular maintenance and repair. However, in bone marrow and in granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-mobilized peripheral blood, less than 0.5% of CD34+ cells co-express KDR.(More)
Mannose binding lectin (MBL) is one of the three initiators of complement activation and is therefore closely linked to inflammation. MBL deficiency has been associated with the generation of atherosclerosis. Since atherosclerosis, the complement system and postprandial lipemia are linked to inflammation, we studied postprandial lipoprotein metabolism in(More)