Antonius C. F. Gorren

Learn More
Aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) catalyzes the bioactivation of nitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate, GTN) in blood vessels, resulting in vasodilation by nitric oxide (NO) or a related species. Because the mechanism of this reaction is still unclear we determined the three-dimensional structures of wild-type (WT) ALDH2 and of a triple mutant of the protein(More)
Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) may be involved in the biotransformation of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), and the inactivation of ALDH2 by GTN may contribute to the phenomenon of nitrate tolerance. We studied the GTN-induced inactivation of ALDH2 by UV/visible absorption spectroscopy. Dehydrogenation of acetaldehyde and hydrolysis of(More)
Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) contributes to vascular bioactivation of the antianginal drugs nitroglycerin (GTN) and pentaerythrityl tetranitrate (PETN), resulting in cGMP-mediated vasodilation. Although continuous treatment with GTN results in the loss of efficacy that is presumably caused by inactivation of ALDH2, PETN does not induce(More)
In previous minireviews in this journal, we discussed work on induction of tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis by cytokines and its significance for nitric oxide (NO) production of intact cells as well as functions of H4-biopterin identified at this time for NO synthases (Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 203: 1-12, 1993; Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 219: 171-182, 1998).(More)
Recombinant neuronal nitric-oxide synthase (nNOS) expressed in baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells contains approximately 1 equiv of tightly bound tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) per dimer and binds a second equivalent with a dissociation constant in the 10(-7)-10(-6) M range. Less is known about the pterin-binding properties of nNOS originating from expression(More)
Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) plays an essential role in nitroglycerin (GTN) bioactivation, resulting in formation of NO or a related activator of soluble guanylate cyclase. ALDH2 denitrates GTN to 1,2-glyceryl dinitrate and nitrite but also catalyzes reduction of GTN to NO. To elucidate the relationship between ALDH2-catalyzed GTN(More)
Citrulline formation by both human neuronal nitric-oxide synthase (nNOS) and mouse macrophage inducible NOS was inhibited by the hydrogen sulfide (H2S) donor Na2S with IC50 values of ∼2.4·10(-5) and ∼7.9·10(-5) m, respectively, whereas human endothelial NOS was hardly affected at all. Inhibition of nNOS was not affected by the concentrations of l-arginine(More)
Recombinant neuronal nitric-oxide synthase (nNOS) expressed in baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells contains approximately 1 equiv of tightly bound tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) per dimer and binds a second equivalent with a dissociation constant in the 10 −7 −10 −6 M range. Less is known about the pterin-binding properties of nNOS originating from expression systems(More)
  • 1