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We investigated how pH affects rat brain neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) with regard to spin-state equilibrium and the thiolate ligand bond of the haem group, catalytic activity, and monomerleft and right arrow dimer equilibrium. At neutral pH, nNOS containing 1 equiv. of (6R)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-l-biopterin (BH4) per dimer was mostly high-spin(More)
Peroxynitrite, the reaction product of nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide (O-2) is assumed to decompose upon protonation in a first order process via intramolecular rearrangement to NO3-. The present study was carried out to elucidate the origin of NO2- found in decomposed peroxynitrite solutions. As revealed by stopped-flow spectroscopy, the decay of(More)
The East Asian variant of mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) exhibits significantly reduced dehydrogenase, esterase, and nitroglycerin (GTN) denitrating activities. The small molecule Alda-1 was reported to partly restore low acetaldehyde dehydrogenase activity of this variant. In the present study we compared the wild type enzyme (ALDH2*1) with(More)
The decomposition of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) in the presence of Cu2+ and glutathione (GSH) was studied by stopped-flow/rapid-scan spectroscopy. Reduction of Cu2+ by GSH and subsequent formation of a GS-*Cu+ complex occurred within 200 ms, with the amount of complex formed depending on the GSH-to-Cu2+ ratio. The rate of GSNO decomposition at a fixed(More)
Oxygen binding to the oxygenase domain of reduced endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) results in two distinct species differing in their Soret and visible absorbance maxima and in their capacity to exchange oxygen by CO. At 7 degrees C, heme-oxy I (with maxima at 420 and 560 nm) is formed very rapidly (k(on) approximately 2.5.10(6) m(-1).s(-1)) in the(More)
Endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (type III) (eNOS) was reported to form an inhibitory complex with the bradykinin receptor B2 (B2R) from which the enzyme is released in an active form upon receptor activation (Ju, H., Venema, V. J., Marrero, M. B., and Venema, R. C. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 24025-24029). Using a synthetic peptide derived from the known(More)
The fatty-acylation-deficient bovine endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) mutant (Gly-2 to Ala-2, G2AeNOS) was purified from a baculovirus overexpression system. The purified protein was soluble and highly active (0.2-0.7 micromol of l-citrulline. mg-1.min-1), contained 0. 77+/-0.01 equivalent of haem per subunit, showed a Soret maximum at 396 nm, and exhibited(More)
To elucidate potential mechanisms of S-nitrosothiol formation in vivo, we studied nitrosation of GSH and albumin by nitric oxide ((*)NO), peroxynitrite, and (*)NO/O(2)(*)(-). In the presence of O(2), (*)NO yielded 20% of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) at pH 7.5. Ascorbate and the spin trap 4-hydroxy-[2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-piperidine-1-oxyl] (TEMPOL) inhibited(More)
Ever since the discovery that (6R)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-L-biopterin (BH4) is a cofactor of NOS, its function has been the object of intense research and occasional controversy. Only in the last couple of years a consensus has been reached on what constitutes the main role of BH4 in NO synthesis. In this review we aim to provide an outline of the various ways(More)
In previous minireviews in this journal, we discussed work on induction of tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis by cytokines and its significance for nitric oxide (NO) production of intact cells as well as functions of H4-biopterin identified at this time for NO synthases (Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 203: 1-12, 1993; Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 219: 171-182, 1998).(More)