Antonius C.F. Gorren

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In previous minireviews in this journal, we discussed work on induction of tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis by cytokines and its significance for nitric oxide (NO) production of intact cells as well as functions of H4-biopterin identified at this time for NO synthases (Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 203: 1-12, 1993; Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 219: 171-182, 1998).(More)
Bioactivation of nitroglycerin (GTN) into an activator of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is essential for the vasorelaxant effect of the drug. Besides several enzymes that catalyze GTN bioactivation, the reaction with cysteine is the sole nonenzymatic mechanism known so far. Here we show that a reaction with ascorbate results in GTN bioactivation. In the(More)
(6R)-5,6,7,8-Tetrahydro-L-biopterin (BH4) availability regulates nitric oxide and superoxide formation by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). At low BH4 or low BH4 to 7,8-dihydrobiopterin (BH2) ratios the enzyme becomes uncoupled and generates superoxide at the expense of NO. We studied the effects of exogenously added BH2 on intracellular BH4/BH2(More)
Nitrosothiols are increasingly regarded as important participants in a range of physiological processes, yet little is known about their biological generation. Nitrosothiols can be formed from the corresponding thiols by nitric oxide in a reaction that requires the presence of oxygen and is mediated by reactive intermediates (NO₂ or N₂O₃) formed in the(More)
Although different routes for the S-nitrosation of cysteinyl residues have been proposed, the main in vivo pathway is unknown. We recently demonstrated that direct (as opposed to autoxidation-mediated) aerobic nitrosation of glutathione is surprisingly efficient, especially in the presence of Mg(2+). In the present study we investigated this reaction in(More)
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