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The aim of this study was to compare functional cerebral hemodynamic signals obtained simultaneously by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The contribution of superficial layers (skin and skull) to the NIRS signal was also assessed. Both methods were used to generate functional maps of the motor cortex(More)
We have noninvasively studied the motor cortex hemodynamics in human subjects under rest and motor stimulation conditions using a multichannel near-infrared tissue spectrometer. Our instrument measures optical maps of the cerebral cortex at two wavelengths (758 and 830 nm), with an acquisition time of 160 ms per map. We obtained optical maps of oxy- and(More)
Millisecond changes in the optical properties of the human brain during stimulation were detected in five volunteers using noninvasive frequency-domain near-infrared spectroscopy. During a motor stimulation task we found highly significant signals, which were directly related to neuronal activity and exhibited much more localized patterns than the slow(More)
Brain activity is associated with physiological changes, which alter the optical properties of the tissue in the near-infrared part of the spectrum. Two major types of optical signals following functional brain activation can be distinguished: a slow signal due to hemodynamic changes and a fast signal, which is directly related to neuronal activity. The(More)
Neurovascular coupling is the generic term for changes in cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO(2)), cerebral blood flow, and cerebral blood volume related to brain activity. The goal of this paper is to better understand the effects of neurovascular coupling in the visual and motor cortices using frequency-domain near-infrared spectroscopy. Maps of(More)
We investigated the influence of the adipose tissue thickness (ATT) on near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) measurements of the absorption coefficient (mu a), the reduced scattering coefficient (mu s') and changes in concentrations of oxyhemoglobin ([O2Hb]) and deoxyhemoglobin ([HHb]). We used a frequency domain spectrometer and a special probe to generate(More)
Using non-invasive near infrared spectroscopy fast changes in the range of ms in the optical properties of neurons during brain activity have been described. Since the signal is small, the system to detect it has to be highly noise optimized. We used a frequency-domain tissue oximeter, whose laser diodes were modulated at 110 MHz and the amplitude (AC),(More)
Cerebral vasomotion was studied on the human brain in vivo by use of multi-optode frequency domain near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Vasomotion is a spontaneous oscillation with a frequency of 0.1Hz in the arterial flow. We investigated (1) the fluctuations of cerebral hemodynamics on the dynamical characteristics of cerebral vasomotion and (2) the(More)
The aim is to study cerebral vascular functional connectivity during motor tasks and resting state using multichannel frequency-domain near-infrared spectrophotometry. Maps of 5.7 × 10.8 cm size displaying changes in cerebral oxyhemoglobin (O(2)Hb), deoxyhemoglobin (HHb), and total hemoglobin (tHb) concentrations were measured in the motor cortex in 12(More)
We studied depth-dependent cerebral hemodynamic responses of rat brain following direct cortical electrical stimulation (DCES) in vivo with optical recording of intrinsic signal (ORIS) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). ORIS is used to visualize the immediate hemodynamic changes in cortical areas following the stimulation, whereas NIRS measures the(More)