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Plastic biliary stents are commonly used during Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography (ERCP). The main indication for biliary stenting is benign or malignant obstruction. Plastic stents, among others, can be used as an escape route in patients with large common bile duct stones, or in cases of acute cholangitis with or without sphincterotomy to… (More)
Graph language recognizability is defined and investigated by virtue of the syntactic magmoid, analogously with the syntactic monoid of a word language. In this setup, the syntax complexity of a given recognizable graph language can be determined, giving rise to a syntactic classification inside the class of recognizable graph languages.
Directed fuzzy hypergraphs are introduced as a generalization of both crisp directed hypergraphs and directed fuzzy graphs. It is proved that the set of all directed fuzzy hypergraphs can be structured into a magmoid with operations graph composition and disjoint union. In this framework a notion of syntactic recognition inside magmoids is defined. The… (More)
Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, affecting about 2% of the population. Most cases of Meckel's diverticula are asymptomatic. The diagnosis of symptomatic MD is often difficult to make. We report the case of an 8-year-old boy who presented with GI bleeding due to MD. The diagnostic… (More)