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OBJECTIVES Optimal exposure and stabilization of the target coronary vessel is essential to allow the construction of a precise coronary anastomosis during off pump coronary surgery. However, this might be achieved at the expense of significant haemodynamic deterioration, particularly while grafting the circumflex and the posterior descending coronary(More)
Therapy has improved the survival of heart failure (HF) patients. However, many patients progress to advanced chronic HF (ACHF). We propose a practical clinical definition and describe the characteristics of this condition. Patients that are generally recognised as ACHF often exhibit the following characteristics: 1) severe symptoms (NYHA class III to IV);(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to investigate the effect of multiple coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with or without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on the perioperative inflammatory response. METHODS Sixty patients undergoing CABG were randomly assigned to one of two groups: (A) on pump with conventional CPB and cardioplegic arrest, and (B) off pump on the(More)
Heart failure is a serious condition and equivalent to malignant disease in terms of symptom burden and mortality. At this moment only a comparatively small number of heart failure patients receive specialist palliative care. Heart failure patients may have generic palliative care needs, such as refractory multifaceted symptoms, communication and decision(More)
OBJECTIVE Coronary artery bypass grafting on the beating heart through median sternotomy is a relatively new treatment, which allows multiple revascularization without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. A prospective randomized study was designed to investigate the effect of coronary bypass with or without cardiopulmonary bypass on postoperative blood loss(More)
BACKGROUND Emphasis on cost containment in coronary artery bypass surgery is becoming increasingly important in modern hospital management. The revival of interest in off-pump (beating heart) coronary artery bypass surgery may influence the economic outcome. This study examines these effects. METHODS Two hundred patients undergoing first-time coronary(More)
Postcardiotomy left ventricular failure (LVF) complicating a cardiac surgical procedure is usually managed with intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation. We report two cases of postcardiotomy LVF unresponsive to inotropic support and IABP counterpulsation that were managed successfully with the use of the TandemHeart percutaneous ventricular assist(More)
Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) is being used more often by cardiothoracic anaesthetists for the perioperative management of cardiac problems. Reports of iatrogenic oesophageal perforation by instrumentation of the oesophagus are increasing. Although TOE is considered safe, it may be more risky during surgery, because the probe is passed and(More)
Acute cardiovascular dysfunction occurs perioperatively in more than 20% of cardiosurgical patients, yet current acute heart failure (HF) classification is not applicable to this period. Indicators of major perioperative risk include unstable coronary syndromes, decompensated HF, significant arrhythmias and valvular disease. Clinical risk factors include(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Despite the effect of mitral valve repair in left ventricular (LV) function having been extensively studied, investigations of left atrial (LA) performance indices are minimal. This prospective study was undertaken to analyze LA volumes, function and work in patients with chronic mitral valve regurgitation (MR) who underwent(More)