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OBJECTIVES It is still debated if pre-existing minority drug-resistant HIV-1 variants (MVs) affect the virological outcomes of first-line NNRTI-containing ART. METHODS This Europe-wide case-control study included ART-naive subjects infected with drug-susceptible HIV-1 as revealed by population sequencing, who achieved virological suppression on first-line(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of the OSCAR programme is to evaluate the performances of genotypic HIV-1 tropism testing in clinical practice using the enhanced sensitivity version of Trofile (ESTA) as reference-assay. METHODS HIV-1 coreceptor-usage was assessed using plasma samples from 406 HIV-1 infected patients by ESTA and by gp120 V3 population-sequencing(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is currently considered a major comorbidity in patients affected by HIV infection. In addition, new generation antiretroviral drugs that interact with creatinine transporters were recently introduced. Rilpivirine, dolutegravir, and cobicistat, with different mechanisms, inhibit the amount of tubular secretion of creatinine(More)
The outcome for HIV-infected patients with cancer has dramatically improved in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era, probably due to improvements in immune status and bone marrow function that allow the possibility of increased drug-dose intensity with a higher complete remission rate. Although data regarding the optimal management of these(More)
HIV protease inhibitors have been shown to exert antiangiogenic and antitumor actions independently from their antiretroviral effect. Based on these studies, HIV-seronegative patients with classic Kaposi's sarcoma were treated with indinavir and followed for clinical evolution, drug pharmacokinetics and Kaposi's sarcoma biomarkers. A favorable clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Study aim was to estimate the rate and identify predictors of discontinuation of first combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in recent years. METHODS Patients who initiated first cART between January 2008 and October 2014 were included. Discontinuation was defined as stop of at least 1 drug of the regimen, regardless of the reason. All(More)
OBJECTIVE The DIVA study is aimed at setting up a standardized genotypic tropism-testing on proviral-DNA for the routine clinical diagnostic-laboratory. METHODS Twelve local centres and 5 reference centres (previously cross-validated) were identified. For inter-center validation-procedure, 60 peripheral-blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) aliquots from 45(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to assess the 48-week virological efficacy of atazanavir/ritonavir (ATV/r) monotherapy vs. ATV/r along with two nucleoside reverse transcriptase (NRTIs) in HIV-1 treated individuals with HIV-RNA less than 50 copies/ml. METHODS A multicentre, randomized, open-label, noninferiority trial. HIV-1 treated individuals(More)