Antonio Wright

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Gp15/400 is a surface-proximal antigen of the filarial nematode Brugia malayi, produced as a large polyprotein precursor comprising an array of polypeptide units of approx. 14.5 kDa. Here we describe a biochemical function for gp15/400. A single 14.5-kDa unit of gp15/400 has been expressed in Escherichia coli, and found to dimerise spontaneously. This(More)
Samples of blood were collected from a group of plant workers engaged in the manufacture of ethylene oxide (EO) for periods of up to 14 years and also from a group of control personnel matched by age and smoking habits. Peripheral blood lymphocytes were cultured for cytogenetic analysis. Selected immune and haematological parameters were also investigated.(More)
The Z(cis)- and E(trans)-isomers of 1,3-dichloropropene (DCP), in confirmation of previous reports, caused dose-dependent increases in the numbers of reverse mutations in Salmonella typhimurium TA100 in the presence and absence of a 9000 X g supernatant fraction (S9) from the livers of Aroclor-treated rats. The relevance of these findings to mammals is(More)
Human and mouse skin explant systems have been developed as models that qualitatively mimic the genotoxic metabolism in vivo of benzo[a]pyrene, a representative carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. High-performance liquid chromatography profiles of DNA adducts isolated from CD-1 mouse skin treated with [(3)H]benzo[a]pyrene either in vivo or in(More)
A novel immunochemical approach has been developed to monitor human exposures to ethylene oxide (EO). The method exploits the interaction of EO with the amino function of the N-terminal valine residue of the alpha-chain of human haemoglobin (Hb). Antibodies were raised against the adducted valine in the form of the N-terminal tryptic heptapeptide and have(More)
The assessment of skin penetration by viscous oil products is an important element in the risk assessment of these materials where skin contact is likely. Systemic bioavailability (body uptake) is viewed as a good indicator of skin penetration following cutaneous exposures. The results of this study provide quantitative information on the influence of(More)
Methods for the detection of in vivo alkylation of nucleic acids are discussed. Alkylation of mammalian DNA at N-7 of guanine provides the most sensitive and least equivocal evidence of methylation by an exogenous chemical or its metabolite. No 7-methylguanine was detected in the combined DNA from the lungs, livers, hearts, brains, kidneys, testes and(More)
The effects of naturally occurring microsomal enzyme inducers on hepatocellular drug-metabolizing enzyme systems and also upon the incidence of "spontaneous" liver tumors in CF-1 mice were investigated, using animals maintained on semisynthetic diet and filter-paper bedding as controls. The administration of dieldrin, a potent microsomal enzyme inducer with(More)