Antonio Trincone

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A novel rod-shaped hyperthermophilic archaeum has been isolated from a boiling marine water hole at Maronti Beach, Ischia, Italy. It grew optimally at 100 degrees C and pH 7.0 by aerobic respiration as well as by dissimilatory nitrate reduction, forming dinitrogen as a final product. Organic and inorganic compounds served as substrates during aerobic and(More)
A novel group of hyperthermophilic rod-shaped motile methanogens was isolated from a hydrothermally heated deep sea sediment (Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California) and from a shallow marine hydrothermal system (Kolbeinsey ridge, Iceland). The grew between 84 and 110°C (opt: 98°C) and from 0.2% to 4% NaCl (opt. 2%) and pH 5.5 to 7 (opt: 6.5). The isolates were(More)
We here report the first molecular characterization of an alpha-xylosidase (XylS) from an Archaeon. Sulfolobus solfataricus is able to grow at temperatures higher than 80 degrees C on several carbohydrates at acidic pH. The isolated xylS gene encodes a monomeric enzyme homologous to alpha-glucosidases, alpha-xylosidases, glucoamylases and(More)
The beta-glycosidase from the hyperthermophilic Archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus hydrolyzes beta-glycosides following a retaining mechanism based upon the action of two amino acids: Glu387, which acts as the nucleophile of the reaction, and Glu206, which acts as the general acid/base catalyst. The activities of inactive mutants of the catalytic nucleophile(More)
The marine ecosystem can be considered a rather unexplored source of biological material (e.g. natural substances with therapeutic activity) and can also be a surprising source of enzymes carrying new and interesting catalytic activities to be applied in biocatalysis. The use of glycosyl hydrolases from marine environments dates back to the end of the 1960s(More)
Three new strains of eubacterial hyperthermophiles were isolated from continental solfataric springs at Lac Abbé (Djibouti, Africa). Due to their morphology, lipids, and RNA polymerases they belong to the genus Thermotoga. Strains LA4 and LA10 are closely related to Thermotoga neapolitana found up to now only in the marine environment. Strain LA 3 differs(More)
A beta-D-mannosidase was purified to homogeneity from visceral mass extract of Aplysia fasciata a mollusc belonging to the order Anaspidea. The purified enzyme is a homodimer with a subunit mass of 130 kDa. Temperature and pH optima of this enzyme were 45 degrees C and 4.5, respectively. Substrate specificity tests revealed that the enzyme exerts only(More)
In several recent reports related to biocatalysis the enormous pool of biodiversity found in marine ecosystems is considered a profitable natural reservoir for acquiring an inventory of useful biocatalysts. These enzymes are characterized by well-known habitat-related features such as salt tolerance, hyperthermostability, barophilicity and cold adaptivity.(More)