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The assembly-line architecture of polyketide synthases (PKSs) provides an opportunity to rationally reprogram polyketide biosynthetic pathways to produce novel antibiotics. A fundamental challenge toward this goal is to identify the factors that control the unidirectional channeling of reactive biosynthetic intermediates through these enzymatic assembly… (More)
The synthesis of a new family of 10-I-3 hypervalent iodine compounds is described in which the CF3 functionality participates directly in the hypervalent bond. These materials are accessible by nucleophilic ligand substitution at iodine using Me3SiCF3 in the presence of a substoichiometric amount of fluoride. The expected T-shaped geometry at iodine was… (More)
A series of S-hydrogen phosphorothioates have been converted to the corresponding S-trifluoromethyl derivatives upon reaction with the electrophilic trifluoromethylation reagent 1 (trifluoromethyl 1,3-dihydro-3,3-dimethyl-1,2-benziodoxole). Relative rate data were obtained by (19)F NMR monitoring of competition experiments and were evaluated by means of the… (More)
A (fluor)ry of activity: The transfer of an intact trifluoromethyl group from a hypervalent iodine reagent to an aliphatic alcohol occurs smoothly upon activation by zinc bis(triflimide). This constitutes a straightforward method for the preparation of trifluoromethoxy alkyl derivatives, compounds otherwise difficult to access.
The reaction of the 10-I-3 hypervalent iodine electrophilic trifluoromethylation reagent 1-trifluoromethyl-1,2-benziodoxol-3-(1H)-one (2) with 2,4,6-trimethylphenol, after deprotonation with NaH and in the presence of 18-crown-6 in a polar, nonprotic solvent, affords 1,3,5-trimethyl-2-(trifluoromethoxy)benzene (4) only as a byproduct. Trifluoromethylation… (More)
Evans-type chiral lithium imide enolates undergo diastereoselective α-trifluoromethylation with a hypervalent iodine-CF(3) reagent with up to 91% combined isolated yield and 97:3 dr. The resulting isolated diastereopure products can be further transformed into valuable products without racemization.
1-Trifluoromethyl-1,2-benziodoxol-3-(1H)-one (1) is able to transfer the electrophilic CF(3) group to the oxygen atom of THF in the presence of a Lewis or Bronsted acid. This results in a new ring-opening reaction of THF yielding trifluoromethyl ethers. Details of this reaction and the insight gained into the mechanism of action of reagent 1 are reported.
Nazarov cyclizations are catalyzed by a dicationic Ni(II) complex containing the chiral tridentate phosphine Pigiphos; the catalyst exerts a high degree of torquoselectivity and affords the products in up to 88% ee.