Antonio Silvani

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IMPORTANCE Glioblastoma is the most devastating primary malignancy of the central nervous system in adults. Most patients die within 1 to 2 years of diagnosis. Tumor-treating fields (TTFields) are a locoregionally delivered antimitotic treatment that interferes with cell division and organelle assembly. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of(More)
PURPOSE Recent data suggest that methylation of the DNA repair gene O(6)-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), by increasing the chemosensitivity of glioblastoma multiforme, is significantly associated with improved prognosis. Results in contradiction with these findings, however, are present in the literature and the clinical and genetic context(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of Procarbazine (PCB) and fotemustine (FTM) combination in the treatment of pre-temozolomide treated, recurrent GBM patients. The primary end-point was progression free survival at 6 months (PFS-6). Secondary end-points were overall survival, response rates (CR + PR) and toxicity. About 54(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess patients with recurrent high grade brain glioma with the aim of evaluating facets of quality of life (QOL) and their association with mood, cognition, and physical performance. METHODS Ninety four glioma patients (four groups with different duration of glioma recurrence) were compared with 24 patients with other chronic neurological(More)
Thirty eight patients with malignant gliomas (27 GBM and 11 AA) were treated with up to 7 cycles of CDDP + VP16 every month after surgery. Chemotherapy was planned as two cycles before and 5 cycles after radiation (42 Gy) using a three times daily fractionation schedule. No severe toxicity was observed. The object of our study was to investigate the(More)
Chemotherapy in glioma is poorly effective: the blood–brain barrier and intrinsic and/or acquired drug resistance of tumor cells could partly explain this lack of major effect. We investigated expression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp), multidrug resistance protein (MRP) 1, MRP3, MRP5 and glutathione-S-transferase π (GST-π) in malignant glioma patients.(More)
Homeobox (HOX) genes control axial specification during mammalian development and also regulate skin morphogenesis. Although selected HOX genes are variably expressed in leukemias and kidney and colon cancer cell lines, their relationship with the neoplastic phenotype remains unclear. In both normal development and neoplastic transformation, HOX target(More)
Brainstem gliomas in adults are rare tumors, with heterogeneous clinical course; only a few studies in the MRI era describe the features in consistent groups of patients. In this retrospective study, we report clinical features at onset, imaging characteristics and subsequent course in a group of 34 adult patients with either histologically proven or(More)
Intracavitary levels of VEGF, bFGF, IL-8 and IL-12 were evaluated by ELISA in 45 patients, 7 with recurrent anaplastic astrocytoma (rAA), 12 with glioblastoma (GBM) and 26 with recurrent glioblastoma (rGBM). In 25 patients plasma levels of the molecules were also quantitated. Twenty-three healthy controls were also studied for plasma concentrations of the(More)
We report a phase II trial of cisplatinum and temozolomide (TMZ) combination in recurrent malignant glioma patients. The DNA repair protein O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGAT) is important in glioblastoma resistance to alkylating antitumor agents. In vitro, cisplatin (CDDP) decreases MGMT activity in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Thirty-three(More)