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The CATH database of protein domain structures (http://www.biochem.ucl.ac.uk/bsm/cath/) currently contains 43,229 domains classified into 1467 superfamilies and 5107 sequence families. Each structural family is expanded with sequence relatives from GenBank and completed genomes, using a variety of efficient sequence search protocols and reliable thresholds.(More)
A program written in Visual Basic has been developed to calculate the isoelectric point of proteins and other macromolecules bearing acid-basic residues. The pI value can be theoretically calculated with the precision required. The computer automatically supplies a representation of the charge of the protein versus pH values. The corresponding values can(More)
MOTIVATION Analysis of the conversion of (13)C glucose within the metabolic network allows the evaluation of the biochemical fluxes in interconnecting metabolic pathways. Such analyses require solving hundreds of equations with respect to individual isotopomer concentrations, and this assumes applying special software even for constructing the equations.(More)
A combined analysis of enzyme inhibition and activation is presented, based on a rapid equilibrium model assumption in which one molecule of enzyme binds one molecule of substrate (S) and/or one molecule of a modifier X. The modifier acts as activator (essential or non-essential), as inhibitor (total or partial), or has no effect on the reaction rate (v),(More)
Recent developments in the effort to understand the metabolism and function of the intra-cellular dinucleoside polyphosphates were described by nine speakers from some of the world's leading laboratories in this field in a workshop at the Purines 2000 International Symposium on Nucleosides and Nucleotides held in Madrid in July, 2000. Topics were(More)
Secretion of adenosine(5')tetraphospho(5')adenosine (Ap4A) and ATP from perfused bovine adrenal glands stimulated with acetylcholine or elevated potassium levels was measured and compared with that of catecholamines. We have found a close correlation between the release of Ap4A and catecholamines elicited with all the secretagogues used in the presence of(More)
IMP-GMP 5'-nucleotidase has been purified to homogeneity from total rat brain extracts. This preparation showed a unique band (Mr 54,000 +/- 1,509) in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme presented the following properties: optimal pH value, 6.5-6.8; relative velocity measured in the presence of MgCl2, MnCL2, CoCl2, and(More)
Several 3'-[(32)P]adenylated dinucleoside polyphosphates (Np(n)N'p*As) were synthesized by the use of poly(A) polymerase (Sillero MAG et al., 2001, Eur J Biochem.; 268: 3605-11) and three of them, ApppA[(32)P]A or ApppAp*A, AppppAp*A and GppppGp*A, were tested as potential substrates of different dinucleoside polyphosphate degrading enzymes. Human(More)
It is not always clear that some equations affected by complicated factors can, actually, be interpreted as a ratio of two polynomials of first degree and so that they can be, in general, represented by rectangular hyperbolas. In this paper we present an easy procedure to rearrange those equations into Michaelis-Menten-type equations and so to make the(More)
A systematic study of the metabolic fate of AMP, IMP, GMP and XMP (NMP) in the presence of cytosol from rat brain is here presented; the kinetics of both disappearance of NMP, and appearance of their degradation products was followed by HPLC. In the absence of ATP, AMP was preferentially degraded to adenosine with concomitant appearance of inosine and(More)