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The CATH database of protein domain structures (http://www.biochem.ucl.ac.uk/bsm/cath/) currently contains 43,229 domains classified into 1467 superfamilies and 5107 sequence families. Each structural family is expanded with sequence relatives from GenBank and completed genomes, using a variety of efficient sequence search protocols and reliable thresholds.(More)
A program written in Visual Basic has been developed to calculate the isoelectric point of proteins and other macromolecules bearing acid-basic residues. The pI value can be theoretically calculated with the precision required. The computer automatically supplies a representation of the charge of the protein versus pH values. The corresponding values can(More)
MOTIVATION Analysis of the conversion of (13)C glucose within the metabolic network allows the evaluation of the biochemical fluxes in interconnecting metabolic pathways. Such analyses require solving hundreds of equations with respect to individual isotopomer concentrations, and this assumes applying special software even for constructing the equations.(More)
Recent developments in the effort to understand the metabolism and function of the intra-cellular dinucleoside polyphosphates were described by nine speakers from some of the world's leading laboratories in this field in a workshop at the Purines 2000 International Symposium on Nucleosides and Nucleotides held in Madrid in July, 2000. Topics were(More)
IMP-GMP 5'-nucleotidase has been purified to homogeneity from total rat brain extracts. This preparation showed a unique band (Mr 54,000 +/- 1,509) in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme presented the following properties: optimal pH value, 6.5-6.8; relative velocity measured in the presence of MgCl2, MnCL2, CoCl2, and(More)
Secretion of adenosine(5')tetraphospho(5')adenosine (Ap4A) and ATP from perfused bovine adrenal glands stimulated with acetylcholine or elevated potassium levels was measured and compared with that of catecholamines. We have found a close correlation between the release of Ap4A and catecholamines elicited with all the secretagogues used in the presence of(More)
Novel properties of the primer independent synthesis of poly(A), catalyzed by the yeast poly(A) polymerase are presented. The commercial enzyme from yeast, in contrast to the enzyme from Escherichia coli, is unable to adenylate the 3'-OH end of nucleosides, nucleotides or dinucleoside polyphosphates (NpnN). In the presence of 0.05 mm ATP, dinucleotides (at(More)
A combined analysis of enzyme inhibition and activation is presented, based on a rapid equilibrium model assumption in which one molecule of enzyme binds one molecule of substrate (S) and/or one molecule of a modifier X. The modifier acts as activator (essential or non-essential), as inhibitor (total or partial), or has no effect on the reaction rate (v),(More)
  • Maria A Günther Sillero, Anabel de Diego, Eduardo Silles, Antonio Sillero
  • 2005
Previous work from this laboratory had shown that ligases may catalyze the synthesis of (di)nucleoside polyphosphates. Here, we show that one of the enzymes of the proteasome system (E1 or the ubiquitin (Ub) activating enzyme, EC 6.3.2.19) catalyzes very effectively (k(cat) = 0.29+/-0.05 s(-1)) the transfer of AMP from the E-AMP-ubiquitin complex to(More)
Several 3'-[(32)P]adenylated dinucleoside polyphosphates (Np(n)N'p*As) were synthesized by the use of poly(A) polymerase (Sillero MAG et al., 2001, Eur J Biochem.; 268: 3605-11) and three of them, ApppA[(32)P]A or ApppAp*A, AppppAp*A and GppppGp*A, were tested as potential substrates of different dinucleoside polyphosphate degrading enzymes. Human(More)