Antonio Scardino

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Low-affinity MHC class I-associated cryptic epitopes derived from self proteins overexpressed in a wide variety of human tumors or derived from antigens of viruses exhibiting a high mutation rate, could be interesting candidates for tumor and virus immunotherapy, respectively. However, identification of low-affinity MHC-associated epitopes comes up against(More)
Oncogenic anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) fusion proteins (NPM/ALK and associated variants) are expressed in about 60% of anaplastic large cell lymphomas (ALCLs) but are absent in normal tissues. In this study, we investigated whether ALK, which is expressed at high levels in lymphoma cells, could be a target for antigen-specific cell-mediated(More)
HER-2/neu is a tumor-associated antigen overexpressed in a large variety of human tumors. Eight HER-2/neu peptides displaying HLA-A*0201 anchoring motifs were selected and tested for their binding affinity to HLA-A*0201 and their capacity to elicit cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses in both HLA-A*0201 transgenic mice and in HLA-A*0201(+) healthy donors.(More)
Tolerance to tumor-nonmutated self proteins represents a major obstacle for successful cancer immunotherapy. Since this tolerance primarily concerns dominant epitopes, we hypothesized that targeting cryptic epitopes that have a low affinity for HLA could be an efficient strategy to breach the tolerance to tumor Ags. Using the P1Y heteroclitic peptide(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTH-rP), a protein produced by prostate carcinoma and other epithelial cancers, is a key agent in the development of bone metastases. We investigated whether the protein follows the self-tolerance paradigm or can be used as a target Ag for anticancer immunotherapy by investigating the immunogenicity of two(More)
MAGE-A1, -A2, -A3, -A4, -A6, -A10, and -A12 are expressed in a significant proportion of primary and metastatic tumors of various histological types and are targets of tumor Ag-specific CTL. Individual MAGE-A expression varies from one tumor type to the other but, overall, the large majority of tumors expresses at least one MAGE-A Ag. Therefore, targeting(More)
H-2 class I-negative, HLA-A2.1-transgenic HHD mice were used for a comparative evaluation of the immunogenicity of HLA-A2.1-restricted human tumor-associated cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes. A hierarchy was established among these peptides injected into mice in incomplete Freund's adjuvant which correlates globally with their capacity to bind and(More)
HLA-A*0201 transgenic, H-2D(b)/mouse beta2-microglobulin double-knockout mice were used to compare and optimize the immunogenic potential of 17HIV 1-derived,HLA-A0201-restricted epitopic peptides. A tyrosine substitution in position 1 of the epitopic peptides, which increases both their affinity for and their HLA-A0201 molecule stabilizing capacity, was(More)
The beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCGβ) is markedly overexpressed by neoplastic cells of differing histological origin including those present in colon, breast, prostate and bladder tumors. We have previously shown that some patients with hCGβ-producing urothelial tumors have circulating T cells that proliferate in response to hCGβ. To make(More)
DNA-based cancer vaccines represent an attractive strategy for inducing immunity to tumor associated antigens (TAAs) in cancer patients. The demonstration that the delivery of a recombinant plasmid encoding epitopes can lead to epitope production, processing, and presentation to CD8+ T-lymphocytes, and the advantage of using a single DNA construct encoding(More)