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Metabolites offer an important unexplored complementary approach to understanding the pluripotency of stem cells. Using MS-based metabolomics, we show that embryonic stem cells are characterized by abundant metabolites with highly unsaturated structures whose levels decrease upon differentiation. By monitoring the reduced and oxidized glutathione ratio as(More)
[Reaction: see text]. The total synthesis of the natural product Bengamide E, one of the members of a new class of antitumor natural products of marine origin, is reported based on a convergent and flexible synthetic route featuring an oxirane ring-opening reaction and an olefin cross metathesis. In a similar way, analogues structurally modified at C-2 and(More)
A new surface-based MALDI-Tof-MS glycosyl hydrolase assay has been developed in which lipid-tagged oligosaccharides, representing defined fragments of major plant cell wall polysaccharides, are immobilized via hydrophobic interactions on an alkylthiol functionalised gold sample plate and employed in the functional screening of several purified enzymes,(More)
A new synthetic methodology of asymmetric epoxidation developed in our laboratories has been employed for the stereoselective synthesis of bengamide E (16) and analogues at the terminal olefinic position. In the event, the chiral sulfonium salt 30 was transformed into its corresponding sulfur ylide and reacted with aldehydes 21 and 44 to efficiently provide(More)
With the objective of investigating the influence of structural modifications of the polyketide chain of the bengamides upon their antitumoral activities, we targeted the preparation of bengamide E analogues with modification of the stereochemistry at C-2 and at C-3, the substituent at the C-2 position, and the presence of oxirane rings. For the synthesis(More)
Based on our previously described synthetic strategy for bengamide E, a natural product of marine origin with antitumor activity, a small library of analogues modified at the terminal olefinic position was generated with the objective of investigating the effect of structural modifications on antitumor properties. Biological evaluation of these analogues,(More)
A new type of chiral sulfonium salts that are characterized by a bicyclic system has been designed and synthesized from α-amino acids. Their corresponding ylides, which were prepared by basic treatment of the sulfonium salts, reacted smoothly with a broad array of simple and chiral aldehydes to provide trans-epoxy amides in reasonable to very good yields(More)