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In the present study, we analysed the diversity of indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) colonising both the roots and rhizosphere soil of an annual herbaceous species, Bromus rubens, and a perennial herbaceous species, Brachypodium retusum, co-occurring in the same Mediterranean, semiarid degraded area. The intention was to study whether these two(More)
The effectiveness of autochthonous plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria was studied in Lavandula dentata and Salvia officinalis growing in a natural arid Mediterranean soil under drought conditions. These bacteria identified as Bacillus megaterium (Bm), Enterobacter sp. (E), Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), and Bacillus sp. (Bsp). Each bacteria has different(More)
The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are a key, integral component of the stability, sustainability and functioning of ecosystems. In this study, we characterised the AMF biodiversity in a native vegetation soil and in a soil cultivated with Jatropha curcas or Ricinus communis, in a tropical system in Guantanamo (Cuba), in order to verify if a change of(More)
Plant fertilization is a major issue in the context of increasing population and food risk, higher cost of fertilizers, and low target efficiency of traditional mineral fertilization practices. Alternatively, application of microbial inoculants to the soil can enhance the uptake of nutrients by plants and increase the efficiency of mineral fertilizers and(More)
We give a sharp extrinsic lower bound for the first eigenvalues of the intrinsic Dirac operator of certain hypersurfaces bounding a compact domain in a spin manifold of negative scalar curvature. Limiting-cases are characterized by the existence, on the domain, of imaginary Killing spinors. Some geometrical applications, as an Alexandrov type theorem, are(More)
The effects of irrigation with treated urban wastewater (WW) on the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) diversity and soil microbial activities were assayed on a long-term basis in a semiarid orange-tree orchard. After 43 years, the soil irrigated with fresh water (FW) had higher AMF diversity than soils irrigated with WW. Microbial activities were(More)
Interplant transfer of hydraulically redistributed water (HRW) can take place via mycorrhizal hyphal networks linking the roots of neighboring plants. We conducted a mesocosm experiment to evaluate the influence of reduced extraradical hyphal lengths on interplant HRW transfer. Ectomycorrhizal Pinus halepensis saplings and seedlings were grown together in(More)