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AIMS It has been proposed that intracellular acidosis may be the basis of the cardioprotection of different interventions, including postconditioning. However, contradictory reports exist on the effects of acidic reperfusion on myocardial salvage. Here we characterized the effect of lowering the pH of the reperfusion media (pHo) on intracellular pH (pHi)(More)
Connexins are transmembrane proteins whose best known function is to form gap junction channels. Ventricular cardiomyocytes express the connexin isoform Cx43 and are rich in gap junctions essential for the normal propagation of the action potential. In addition to this physiological role, cardiomyocyte gap junctions contribute to the pathophysiology of(More)
Gap junction-mediated intercellular communication (GJMIC) has been known for a long time to be essential in propagation of electrical impulse in the heart, and the contribution of altered GJMIC to the genesis of arrhythmias has been extensively investigated. However, although it is well known that GJMIC allows the exchange of biologically important(More)
Plasma membrane disruption is a characteristic feature of cell death induced by hypoxia or ischemia. Here, we investigated whether analysis of tissue electrical impedance allows detection of ongoing cell membrane rupture and necrotic cell death in hypoxic or ischemic myocardium. Twenty-eight isolated rat hearts were submitted to 5 h of ischemia (n = 8) or(More)
Mitochondrial alterations are critically involved in increased vulnerability to disease during aging. We investigated the contribution of mitochondria-sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) communication in cardiomyocyte functional alterations during aging. Heart function (echocardiography) and ATP/phosphocreatine (NMR spectroscopy) were preserved in hearts from old(More)
The end-effectors of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) are not well known. It has been recently shown that transgenic mice underexpressing the gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) cannot be preconditioned. Because gap junctions allow spreading of cell death during ischemia-reperfusion in different tissues, including myocardium, we hypothesized that the(More)
Our understanding of the end-effectors involved in preconditioning protection is still very limited. This is partially due to an incomplete knowledge of the mechanisms responsible for acute sarcolemmal rupture and cell death during the first minutes of reperfusion, including the relative roles of hypercontracture-mediated sarcolemmal rupture and(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyze the passive electrical properties of a healed infarction and assess their role on transmission of contiguous ischemic ST segment potential changes. METHODS We measured tissue resistivity (omega cm) at 1 kHz and the epicardial ST segment during 1 h of proximal reocclusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery in 12(More)
It has been shown that cell-to-cell chemical coupling may persist during severe myocardial hypoxia or ischemia. We aimed to analyze the effects of different, chemically unrelated gap junction uncouplers on the progression of ischemic injury in hypoxic myocardium. First, we analyzed the effects of heptanol, 18alpha-glycyrrhetinic acid, and palmitoleic acid(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to analyze whether cells with long action potential duration, fast Vmax, and spike-and-dome configuration (M-cells) are present in porcine left ventricular myocardium. METHODS Transmembrane action potentials (n = 505) of the left ventricle were recorded with conventional glass microelectrodes in an(More)