Antonio Rm Granata

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OBJECTIVES The purpose of our study was to assess the prevalence and extent of coronary artery atherosclerosis in asymptomatic patients with vascular erectile dysfunction (ED). BACKGROUND An association between ED and ischemic heart disease has been suggested, but it is unknown if it represents a marker of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS(More)
We sought to determine whether the insular cortex contributes to the regulation of arterial blood pressure (AP). Responses to electrical and chemical stimulation of the cortex were studied in the anesthetized, paralyzed, and artificially ventilated Sprague-Dawley rat. The insular cortex was initially defined, anatomically, by the distributions of(More)
In anesthetized, paralyzed rats, bilateral electrolytic lesions of rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVL) containing epinephrine neurons of the C1 group 1) abolished the reflex hypotension and bradycardia elicited by electrical stimulation of the left vagus nerve or stretch of the left carotid sinus and 2) reduced arterial pressure (AP) and heart rate (HR) to(More)
A substance has been isolated from bovine brain which displaces 3H-clonidine binding to rat brain membranes (clonidine-displacing substance; CDS). To determine whether CDS is similar to the antihypertensive agent clonidine, the in vitro binding properties of partially-purified CDS and its physiological action in the rostral ventrolateral medulla were(More)
We have sought to determine if adrenaline neurons of the C1 group are responsible for cardiovascular functions heretofore attributed to neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla. C1 neurons were identified in rat with antibodies to the adrenaline synthesizing enzyme, PNMT. These project to spinal cord wherein they selectively innervate the sympathetic(More)
Clonidine acts within the rostral ventrolateral medulla to lower arterial pressure. The receptor mechanism for this action is unknown. In the rostral ventrolateral medulla clonidine binds not only to the alpha 2-adrenergic receptor but also to a novel class of sites which are specific for imidazolines and imidazoles and are distinct from adrenergic or(More)
We sought to establish whether neurons of the C1 area of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVL) mediate changes in arterial pressure and heart rate evoked by topical application of drugs to the ventral medullary surface of the rat. Animals were anesthetized, paralyzed, and ventilated. The ventral surface was mapped with L-glutamate, and a restricted zone(More)
Sympathetic outflow is regulated by a direct pathway of the rostral ventrolateral reticular formation (rvlm) to the thoracic spinal cord. For the first time, a dual retrograde/anterograde transport technique was used to demonstrate by light microscopy, potential disynaptic pathways from the rvlm to the thoracic spinal cord in the rat. An anterograde tracer,(More)
Neurons in the rat rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) were electrophysiologically characterized and identified using an intracellular recording technique in vitro. The recorded neurons could be classified into three types: spontaneously active neurons with a regular pattern of action potential generation; spontaneously active neurons with an irregular(More)
Previous studies suggest that the hypotensive response to centrally administered propranolol results from a drug-induced release of norepinephrine which then stimulates central alpha adrenergic receptors and, as a consequence, arterial pressure is lowered. Inasmuch as the C1 area of the rostral ventrolateral medulla is known to contain noradrenergic nerve(More)