Antonio Ravaglioli

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Osteointegration of yttria stabilised tetragonal zirconia (YSTZ), either coated with bioactive glass named RKKP bioglaze (RKKP) or uncoated, was evaluated in an animal model. RKKP-coated and uncoated (controls) YSTZ cylinders were implanted in the distal femoral epiphyses of 14 Sprague Dawley rats under general anaesthesia. At the experimental times of 30(More)
In elderly and osteoporotic patients an age-related loss of osteoinductivity could be the biological cause of implant failure regardless of the high quality of the implanted device. yttria stabilized tetragonal zirconia (YSTZ), either coated with the bioactive glass named RKKP bioglaze (RKKP) or uncoated, was implanted in the distal femurs of sham-operated(More)
Composite materials were prepared by mixing in different proportions of hydroxyapatite (HA) and poly(epsilon-caprolactone-oxyethylene-epsilon-caprolactone) block copolymer (PCL-POE-PCL) to produce a new resorbable material for biomedical applications. This material has proved to be very interesting for production of periodontal membranes. Mechanical(More)
A study on the evolution with age of the mineral composition of bones was performed on samples belonging to human and other common mammalian species (cattle, sheep, dog). The study was carried out on the ashes obtained by calcination of the bone samples (1 h at 900 degrees C). The calcined powders were carefully examined by X-ray diffraction, from which(More)
Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs, 75 Hz. 1.6 mT) were investigated in 12 rabbits after placing hydroxyapatite (HA) implants in their femoral condyles. Six animals were stimulated with PEMFs for three consecutive weeks, 6 h/day, while the remaining animals were sham-treated (Control Group). Rabbits were sacrificed at 3 and 6 weeks (after a(More)
In order to combine the mechanical properties of a high-strength inert ceramic (yttria-stabilised zirconia, ZrO2-3%Y2O3, defined as zirconia in the text) with the specific properties of bioactive materials, some zirconia samples were coated by two bioactive phosphosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics: RKKP and AP40. Coatings of about 200-300 microm thickness(More)
In this work, the 45S5 bioactive glass was synthesized through an aqueous sol-gel method. Characteristic functional groups were evidenced by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, the thermal behaviour was investigated by thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis, crystallization kinetics and phase evolution were followed by X-ray diffraction(More)
The biocompatibility and osseointegration of zirconia (ZrO(2)), either coated with RKKP bioglazeor uncoated, were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The in vitro test was performed in human osteoblasts, whereas maximal sensitization was performed in 23 Dunkin Hurtley guinea pigs. RKKP bioglaze-coated and uncoated (controls) ZrO(2) cylinders were implanted in(More)
Several in vitro tests are necessary to evaluate the biological compatibility of materials used to manufacture implants for humans or animals. These tests will indicate whether these materials can be tolerated when implanted in vivo. Since ceramic materials are suitable for coating layers, it was decided to study their performance by adding certain oxides(More)
An approach to the production of ceramic drug delivery devices is proposed. Two examples of possible ceramics are dealt with: hydroxyapatite weakly modifiable by living tissue and the bioinert alumina. The possibility to control the formed porosity was taken into consideration for both materials. The ratio between the acquired porosity and the quantity and(More)