Antonio Ravaglioli

Learn More
A study on the evolution with age of the mineral composition of bones was performed on samples belonging to human and other common mammalian species (cattle, sheep, dog). The study was carried out on the ashes obtained by calcination of the bone samples (1 h at 900 degrees C). The calcined powders were carefully examined by X-ray diffraction, from which(More)
An approach to the production of ceramic drug delivery devices is proposed. Two examples of possible ceramics are dealt with: hydroxyapatite weakly modifiable by living tissue and the bioinert alumina. The possibility to control the formed porosity was taken into consideration for both materials. The ratio between the acquired porosity and the quantity and(More)
Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs, 75 Hz. 1.6 mT) were investigated in 12 rabbits after placing hydroxyapatite (HA) implants in their femoral condyles. Six animals were stimulated with PEMFs for three consecutive weeks, 6 h/day, while the remaining animals were sham-treated (Control Group). Rabbits were sacrificed at 3 and 6 weeks (after a(More)
Osteointegration of yttria stabilised tetragonal zirconia (YSTZ), either coated with bioactive glass named RKKP bioglaze (RKKP) or uncoated, was evaluated in an animal model. RKKP-coated and uncoated (controls) YSTZ cylinders were implanted in the distal femoral epiphyses of 14 Sprague Dawley rats under general anaesthesia. At the experimental times of 30(More)
Recent research suggests that the biocompatibility of an implant is to a large extent determined by selective adsorption of proteins from surrounding body fluids. Protein adsorption from human plasma onto two bioactive glass-ceramics (RKKP and AP40) which differ in La and Ta content, was studied by means of chromatography and two-dimensional polyacrylamide(More)
An in vitro evaluation of a biomedical device, which combines the mechanical properties of zirconia substrates with the bioactivity of two different glass layers (AP40 and RKKP), was performed. In this work, data on different kinds of analysis were reported both on as-sintered zirconia samples and on RKKP- and AP40-coated zirconia substrates. Structure,(More)
We implanted nails made of titanium (Ti6Al4V) and of two types of glass ceramic material (RKKP and AP40) into healthy and osteopenic rats. After two months, a histomorphometric analysis was performed and the affinity index calculated. In addition, osteoblasts from normal and osteopenic bone were cultured and the biomaterials were evaluated in vitro. In(More)
In order to combine the mechanical properties of a high-strength inert ceramic (yttria-stabilised zirconia, ZrO2-3%Y2O3, defined as zirconia in the text) with the specific properties of bioactive materials, some zirconia samples were coated by two bioactive phosphosilicate glasses and glass-ceramics: RKKP and AP40. Coatings of about 200-300 microm thickness(More)
The protein/biomaterial interactions of three biomaterials used in hard tissue surgery were studied in vitro. A dynamic flow system and two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) were used to investigate the adsorption of proteins from diluted human plasma on hydroxyapatite, alumina and zirconia, with regard to total protein binding(More)
We conducted an AFM analysis of roughness on 7 materials widely used in bone reconstruction. Roughness was evaluated by measuring Root Mean Square (RMS) values and RMS/average height (AH) ratio, in different dimensional ranges, varying from 100 microns square to a few hundreds of nanometers. The results showed that Titanium presented a lower roughness than(More)