Antonio Randazzo

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Two new metabolites, named halipeptins A and B, have been isolated from the marine sponge Haliclona sp. Their structures were determined by extensive use of one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments, mass spectrometry, and UV and IR spectroscopy. Halipeptin A is a novel 17-membered cyclic depsipeptide, consisting of five residues including two alanines (with(More)
The S100 subfamily of EF-hand proteins is distinguished by the binding of Zn(2+) in addition to Ca(2+). In an effort to understand the role of Zn(2+) in modulating the activity of S100 proteins, we have carried out heteronuclear NMR studies of Zn(2+)-bound S100A2 and obtained near complete resonance assignments. This analysis revealed an equilibrium between(More)
The G-quadruplex architecture is a peculiar structure adopted by guanine-rich oligonucleotidic sequences, and, in particular, by several aptamers, including the thrombin-binding aptamer (TBA) that has the highest inhibitory activity against human α-thrombin. A crucial role in determining structure, stability and biological properties of G-quadruplexes is(More)
The marine product petrosaspongiolide M is a novel inhibitor of phospholipase A2 (PLA2), showing selectivity for secretory PLA2 versus cytosolic PLA2, with a potency on the human synovial enzyme (group II) similar to that of manoalide. This compound was more potent than manoalide on bee venom PLA2 (group III) and had no effect on group I enzymes (Naja naja(More)
G-quadruplex DNA (G4-DNA) structures are four-stranded helical DNA (or RNA) structures, comprising stacks of G-tetrads, which are the outcome of planar association of four guanines in a cyclic Hoogsteen hydrogen-bonding arrangement. In the last decade the number of publications where CD spectroscopy has been used to study G4-DNAs, is extremely high.(More)
In the past decade, DNA G-quadruplexes have come into the limelight thanks to their biological implications and to their potential druggability in anticancer therapy. In particular, it has been found that small molecules that stabilize G-quadruplex structures are effective inhibitors of telomerase which plays a critical role in tumorigenesis. So far, the(More)
The complex between distamycin A and the parallel DNA quadruplex [d(TGGGGT)]4 has been studied by 1H NMR spectroscopy and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). To unambiguously assert that distamycin A interacts with the grooves of the quadruplex [d(TGGGGT)]4, we have analyzed the NMR titration profile of a modified quadruplex, namely [d(TGGMeGGT)]4, and(More)
Aptamers are structured oligonucleotides that recognize molecular targets and can function as direct protein inhibitors. The best-known example is the thrombin-binding aptamer, TBA, a single-stranded 15-mer DNA that inhibits the activity of thrombin, the key enzyme of coagulation cascade. TBA folds as a G-quadruplex structure, as proved by its NMR(More)