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Recent studies demonstrated an IL-17-producer CD4+ T cell subpopulation, termed Th17, distinct from Th1 and Th2. It represents a different pro-inflammatory Th-cell lineage. This notion is supported by gene-targeted mice studies. Mice lacking IL-23 (p19-/-) do not develop experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) or collagen-induced arthritis (CIA),(More)
OBJECTIVE Pannus in osteoarthritis (OA) has only recently been characterized. Little is known, however, regarding the behavior of OA pannus in vitro compared to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pannus. The purpose of our study was to compare OA with RA pannus. METHODS Pannus and synovial tissue co-cultures from 5 patients with OA and 5 patients with RA obtained(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate antibodies to phospholipid-free beta 2-glycoprotein-I (a beta 2 GP-I) in the serum of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS We studied alpha beta 2 GP-I by Western blot, dot blot, and ELISA in 94 patients with SLE. Twenty-one had antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) by clinical and serological criteria, 33 had(More)
We describe a 51-year-old woman with Wegener's granulomatosis who developed diabetes insipidus 7 months after the onset of her granulomatous disease and despite apparently good clinical response to prednisone and trimethoprim-sulphametoxazole treatment. A brain computerized tomographic scan taken soon after the onset of polyuria disclosed an enlarged(More)
BACKGROUND Most systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with two or more clinical manifestations of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and negative antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) have antibodies to beta 2-glycoprotein-I (a beta 2 GP-I). Herein we describe a similar set of circumstances, but in patients without evidence of SLE. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Pathogenic antiphospholipid antibodies studies are usually conducted on populations of adults. Studies involving normal children are scant. METHODS Antibody reactivity against CL alone (true aCL), CL-complexed to bovine beta(2)GP-I (aCL-bovine beta(2)GP-I), or human (aCL-human beta(2)GP-I) beta(2)GP-I, or to phospholipid-free human beta(2)GP-I(More)
OBJECTIVES To ascertain rethrombotic risk factors in patients with primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS). METHODS We retrospectively evaluated 95 patients according to their rethrombotic status. We registered anticoagulation (OA) status, comorbidities, traditional thrombotic factors, prevalence of aCL (IgG-IgM), anti-β2GP-I (IgG-IgM), LA and triple(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate serum anti-beta 2-glycoprotein-I antibodies (a beta 2 GP-I) in patients with primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS We studied a beta 2 GP-I by Western blot, dot blot, and ELISA in the sera of 15 patients with primary APS with high titers of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and/or immunoglobulin M (IgM) anticardiolipin antibodies(More)
The association of thromboses and/or cytopenias with anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL), the anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS), is well recognized. The syndrome may be primary or occur within systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The notion of the syndrome occurring within SLE is important since patients found to have aPL may be at risk for developing APS(More)
The objectives of the 'Task Force on Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) and Non-criteria APS Manifestations' were to assess the clinical utility of the international consensus statement on classification criteria and treatment guidelines for the catastrophic APS, to identify and grade the studies that analyse the relationship between the(More)