Antonio R. Anzueto

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Leiden University Medical Center, Pulmonology, Leiden, The Netherlands; Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease, Gaithersburg, Maryland; University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas; National Heart and Lung Institute, London, United Kingdom; Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon; University Hospital Aintree,(More)
Lionel A. Mandell, Richard G. Wunderink, Antonio Anzueto, John G. Bartlett, G. Douglas Campbell, Nathan C. Dean, Scott F. Dowell, Thomas M. File, Jr. Daniel M. Musher, Michael S. Niederman, Antonio Torres, and Cynthia G. Whitney McMaster University Medical School, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago,(More)
BACKGROUND Although we know that exacerbations are key events in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), our understanding of their frequency, determinants, and effects is incomplete. In a large observational cohort, we tested the hypothesis that there is a frequent-exacerbation phenotype of COPD that is independent of disease severity. METHODS We(More)
CONTEXT The outcome of patients receiving mechanical ventilation for particular indications has been studied, but the outcome in a large number of unselected, heterogeneous patients has not been reported. OBJECTIVE To determine the survival of patients receiving mechanical ventilation and the relative importance of factors influencing survival. DESIGN,(More)
CONTEXT Infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units (ICUs) worldwide. However, relatively little information is available about the global epidemiology of such infections. OBJECTIVE To provide an up-to-date, international picture of the extent and patterns of infection in ICUs. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS The Extended(More)
Our objective was to revise the definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) using a conceptual model incorporating reliability and validity, and a novel iterative approach with formal evaluation of the definition. The European Society of Intensive Care Medicine identified three chairs with broad expertise in ARDS who selected the participants(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have a deficiency of surfactant. Surfactant replacement improves physiologic function in such patients, and preliminary data suggest that it may improve survival. METHODS We conducted a prospective, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial involving 725 patients(More)
BACKGROUND The need for reintubation after extubation and discontinuation of mechanical ventilation is not uncommon and is associated with increased mortality. Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation has been suggested as a promising therapy for patients with respiratory failure after extubation, but a single-center, randomized trial recently found no(More)
A single-center retrospective study initial recently identified ventilator settings as a major risk factor for the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in mechanically ventilated patients who do not have ARDS from the outset. We tested this hypothesis in a larger sample of patients prospectively enrolled in a multicenter study on(More)