Antonio Pellegrini

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In animals, sporadic injections of the mitochondrial toxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) selectively damage dopaminergic neurons but do not fully reproduce the features of human Parkinson's disease. We have now developed a mouse Parkinson's disease model that is based on continuous MPTP administration with an osmotic minipump and(More)
Recently, we have found that partially unfolded lysozyme exerts broad spectrum antimicrobial action in vitro against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria independent of its catalytic activity. In parallel, an internal peptide (residues 98-112) of hen egg white lysozyme, obtained after digestion with clostripain, possessed broad spectrum antimicrobial(More)
The loss of the neurotransmitter noradrenaline occurs constantly in Parkinson's disease. This is supposed to worsen disease progression, either by increasing the vulnerability of dopamine-containing neurons or by reducing the recovery once they are damaged. Novel data also show that the loss of noradrenergic innervation facilitates the onset of dyskinesia(More)
Bactericidal properties of aprotinin, a proteinase inhibitor and possibly a defence molecule in bovine species, and of chicken egg white lysozyme, known as muramidase, were investigated. Incubation of various bacteria in the presence of either aprotinin or lysozyme showed that both proteins killed Gram-positive as well as Gram-negative bacteria without(More)
Proteolytic digestion of alpha-lactalbumin by pepsin, trypsin and chymotrypsin yielded three polypeptide fragments with bactericidal properties. Two fragments were obtained from the tryptic digestion. One was a pentapeptide with the sequence EQLTK (residues 1-5) and the other, GYGGVSLPEWVCTTF ALCSEK (residues (17-31)S-S(109-114)), was composed of two(More)
Proteolytic digestion of bovine beta-lactoglobulin by trypsin yielded four peptide fragments with bactericidal activity. The peptides were isolated and their sequences were found as follows: VAGTWY (residues 15-20), AASDISLLDAQSAPLR (residues 25-40), IPAVFK (residues 78-83) and VLVLDTDYK (residues 92-100). The four peptides were synthesized and found to(More)
Loud noise is an environmental stressor of everyday life, which affects different organs and apparati, in particular the cardiovascular system. We have already reported that noise exposure produces significant alterations in the rat myocardium, consisting of mitochondrial damage, which is evident as lysis of the cristae and dilution of the matrix. Since(More)
Chicken egg white lysozyme exhibits antimicrobial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Fractionation of clostripain-digested lysozyme yielded a pentadecapeptide with antimicrobial activity but without muramidase activity. The peptide was isolated and its sequence found to be I-V-S-D-G-N-G-M-N-A-W-V-A-W-R (amino acids 98-112 of(More)
Two alpha-helical antimicrobial peptides (BMAP-27 and -28) and four synthetic analogs were compared for in vitro and in vivo antimicrobial efficacy. All peptides proved active in vitro at micromolar concentrations against a range of clinical isolates, including antibiotic-resistant strains. BMAP-27 and two analogs were more effective towards Gram-negative,(More)
The neurotoxicity of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) has been intensely investigated due to the widespread abuse of this drug and its neurotoxic effects. In mice, MDMA neurotoxicity has been demonstrated for striatal dopamine (DA) terminals. However, the current literature has reported great variability in the effects induced by MDMA; this(More)