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Parasitic diseases affect billions of people and are considered a major public health issue. Close to 400 species are estimated to parasitize humans, of which around 90 are responsible for great clinical burden and mortality rates. Unfortunately, they are largely neglected as they are mainly endemic to poor regions. Of relevance to this review, there is(More)
Two flagellates of the family trypanosomatidae were isolated from the fruits of Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato) and Annona cherimolia (cherimoya) in the southeastern region of Spain. The isolates were characterized by isoenzyme analysis using nine different isoenzymes and by analysis of kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) restriction fragment length polymorphism using(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that melatonin can exert some effect at nuclear level. Previous experiments using binding techniques clearly showed the existence of specific melatonin binding sites in cell nucleus of rat liver. To further identify these sites, nuclear extracts from rat hepatocytes were treated with different percentages of ammonium sulfate and(More)
The blood pressure lowering effect of a fruit and vegetable-rich diet is a necessary dietary lifestyle measure now included the guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension. Furthermore, flavonoids represent a major class of plant polyphenolics. The present review addresses the antihypertensive effect of quercetin, one of the most abundant(More)
OBJECTIVE Thyroid disorders are accompanied by important changes in haemodynamic and cardiac functions and renal sodium handling. Since nitric oxide (NO) plays a crucial role in regulating vascular tone and renal sodium excretion, the present paper was designed to determine whether changes in the activity of NO synthase (NOS) participate in the(More)
This review focuses on the effects of thyroid hormones in vascular and renal systems. Special emphasis is given to the mechanisms by which thyroid hormones affect the regulation of body fluids, vascular resistance and, ultimately, blood pressure. Vascular function is markedly affected by thyroid hormones that produce changes in vascular reactivity and(More)
Previous studies have revealed the beneficial effects exerted by dietary fiber in human inflammatory bowel disease, which were associated with an increased production of SCFA in distal colon. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the probable mechanisms involved in the beneficial effects of a fiber-supplemented diet (5% Plantago ovata seeds) in the(More)
Most serodiagnostic techniques have been evaluated for diagnosis of cystic hydatid disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Each, to varying degrees, has been shown to give false results, with considerable variation between laboratories. The comparative study was made concerning the sensitivity of the immunodiagnostic methods based on 58 sera from hydatid(More)
The presence of Trypanosoma cruzi in chronic chagasic patients with negative xenodiagnosis (XD) after 6 years following completion of therapy with either itraconazole or allopurinol was assessed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and hybridization assays. A 330-bp DNA fragment amplified from the hypervariable regions of T. cruzi kinetoplastid minicircles(More)
UNLABELLED Quercetin exerts vasodilator, antiplatelet and antiproliferative effects and reduces blood pressure, oxidative status and end-organ damage in hypertensive humans and animal models. We hypothesized that oral quercetin might induce vasodilator effects in humans and that they might be related to the deconjugation of quercetin-3-O-glucuronide (Q3GA).(More)