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The lungs of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are chronically infected for years by one or a few lineages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. These bacterial populations adapt to the highly compartmentalized and anatomically deteriorating lung environment of CF patients, as well as to the challenges of the immune defenses and antibiotic therapy. These selective(More)
The spread of extended-spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) is leading to increased carbapenem consumption. Alternatives to carbapenems need to be investigated. We investigated whether β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor (BLBLI) combinations are as effective as carbapenems in the treatment of bloodstream infections (BSI) due to(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the prevalence, nature, involved genetic elements and epidemiology of metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL)-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Pseudomonas putida isolated in a Spanish hospital between 2005 and 2008. METHODS Etests were used for susceptibility testing and screening for MBLs, confirmed through bla(VIM) PCRs and sequencing.(More)
During the fall of 1981, a new method for the routine isolation and identification of dengue viruses in Puerto Rico was implemented utilizing C6/36 cell cultures and serotype specific antidengue monoclonal antibodies. A blind comparison of the monoclonal antibody indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and the complement fixation (CF) test for(More)
All (236) Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates resistant to imipenem and/or meropenem collected during a multicenter (127-hospital) study in Spain were analyzed. Carbapenem-resistant isolates were found to be more frequently resistant to all beta-lactams and non-beta-lactam antibiotics than carbapenem-susceptible isolates (P < 0.001), and up to 46% of the(More)
An observational study was undertaken to describe a nosocomial outbreak caused by multiresistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (MRKP). Ten patients in the pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) at a hospital in Madrid were colonized by or infected with MRKP from October 1997 to April 1998. Thirty-two patients with MRKP-negative surveillance cultures who were admitted(More)
The prevalence and impact of the overexpression of AmpC and efflux pumps were evaluated with a collection of 190 Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates recovered from bloodstream infections in a 2008 multicenter study (10 hospitals) in Spain. The MICs of a panel of 13 antipseudomonal agents were determined by microdilution, and the expressions of ampC, mexB, mexY,(More)
BACKGROUND Empirical combination therapy is recommended for patients with known or suspected Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) infection as a means to decrease the likelihood of administering inadequate antimicrobial treatment, to prevent the emergence of resistance, and to achieve a possible additive or even synergistic effect. METHODS We performed a post hoc(More)
Resistance development in Pseudomonas aeruginosa from chronically colonized cystic fibrosis (CF) patients has been linked to the presence of a high proportion of mismatch repair-deficient hypermutable strains. The detection of hypermutable strains by microbiology laboratories may be useful for establishing adequate antimicrobial therapies. In this work, we(More)
Clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa that hyperproduce a dark-brown pigment are quite often found in the lungs of chronically infected patients, suggesting that they may have an adaptive advantage in chronic infections. We have screened a library of random transposon insertions in P. aeruginosa. Transposon insertions resulting in the hyperproduction(More)