Antonio Oliver

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The lungs of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are chronically infected for years by one or a few lineages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. These bacterial populations adapt to the highly compartmentalized and anatomically deteriorating lung environment of CF patients, as well as to the challenges of the immune defenses and antibiotic therapy. These selective(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii RYC 52763/97, a clinical isolate involved in a prolonged nosocomial outbreak at our hospital, was resistant to all beta-lactams tested, including imipenem and meropenem, which had MICs of 128 and 256 microg/ml, respectively. This strain synthesized three beta-lactamases: a plasmid-mediated TEM-1 beta-lactamase (pI 5.4), an AmpC-type(More)
In previous work (E. E. Smith, D. G. Buckley, Z. Wu, C. Saenphimmachack, L. R. Hoffman, D. A. D'Argenio, S. I. Miller, B. W. Ramsey, D. P. Speert, S. M. Moskowitz, J. L. Burns, R. Kaul, and M. V. Olson, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103:8487-8492, 2006) it was shown that Pseudomonas aeruginosa undergoes intense genetic adaptation during chronic respiratory(More)
BACKGROUND Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli is an increasingly important group of community pathogens worldwide. These organisms are frequently resistant to many of the antimicrobial agents usually recommended for the treatment of infections caused by E coli, such as penicillins, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, and(More)
All (236) Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates resistant to imipenem and/or meropenem collected during a multicenter (127-hospital) study in Spain were analyzed. Carbapenem-resistant isolates were found to be more frequently resistant to all beta-lactams and non-beta-lactam antibiotics than carbapenem-susceptible isolates (P < 0.001), and up to 46% of the(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most relevant pathogen producing chronic lung infections in patients with chronic underlying diseases such as cystic fibrosis (CF), bronchiectasis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Hypermutable (or mutator) P. aeruginosa strains, characterized by increased (up to 1,000-fold) spontaneous mutation rates due to(More)
BACKGROUND There is little clinical information about community-onset bloodstream infections (COBSIs) caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (ESBLEC). We investigated the prevalence and risk factors for COBSI due to ESBLEC, and described their clinical features and the impact of COBSI caused by ESBLEC on 14-day(More)
BACKGROUND Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections are increasingly associated with acute exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We aimed to determine whether an underlying chronic infection might be behind this process and to determine the epidemiological characteristics of the isolates involved, to implement useful protocols for(More)
Biofilms are organized bacterial communities embedded in an extracellular polymeric matrix attached to living or abiotic surfaces. The development of biofilms is currently recognized as one of the most relevant drivers of persistent infections. Among them, chronic respiratory infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis patients is probably the(More)
Clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa that hyperproduce a dark-brown pigment are quite often found in the lungs of chronically infected patients, suggesting that they may have an adaptive advantage in chronic infections. We have screened a library of random transposon insertions in P. aeruginosa. Transposon insertions resulting in the hyperproduction(More)