Antonio Nardone

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Body sway variables (sway area and sway path) were recorded by a dynamometric platform in 13 young subjects, standing quiet with feet together, with eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC), prior to and following two types of physical exercise (treadmill walking and cycle ergometer pedalling). Each exercise was performed under both fatiguing (above anaerobic(More)
1. We have investigated the possibility that voluntary muscle lengthening contractions can be performed by selective recruitment of fast-twitch motor units, accompanied by derecruitment of slow-twitch motor units. 2. The behaviour of motor units in soleus, gastrocnemius lateralis and gastrocnemius medialis muscles was studied during (a) controlled isotonic(More)
Upright stance and its reflex control were studied in parkinsonian patients and in age-matched normal subjects. They stood unperturbed on a force-measuring surface (static conditions), or were displaced by movement of a supporting platform (dynamic conditions). During quiet stance the following variables were analysed, with eyes open or closed: position of(More)
OBJECTIVE To improve, with the aid of psychometric analysis, the Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest), a tool designed to analyse several postural control systems that may contribute to poor functional balance in adults. METHODS Performance of the BESTest was examined in a convenience sample of 115 consecutive adult patients with diverse neurological(More)
Body sway was studied at various body inclinations, voluntarily maintained for about 1 min, in young and elderly normals and in idiopathic parkinsonians. They stood on a dynamometric platform, whose output gave the instantaneous centre of foot pressure (CFP), its mean value and body sway area, with eyes open (EO) or closed (EC). Subjects held the normal(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, a new tool for assessing dynamic balance impairments has been presented: the 14-item Mini-BESTest. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the psychometric performance of the Mini-BESTest and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS). DESIGN A prospective, single-group, observational design was used in the study. METHODS Ninety-three(More)
In eight subjects standing on a movable platform, surface EMG activity was recorded from the foot muscles extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) and flexor digitorum brevis (FDB) and from the leg muscles soleus (Sol) and tibialis anterior (TA) during perturbations of upright stance. Perturbations inducing foot dorsiflexion (upward tilt and backward translation)(More)
The effect of age on latency and amplitude of leg muscle responses to stance perturbations was studied in 75 control subjects. They stood upright on a platform and were displaced by toe-up (upward tilt) and toe-down (downward tilt) platform rotations. Perturbations were induced during free and supported stance (holding on to a stable structure). Surface(More)
The postural adjustments associated with a voluntary contraction of the postural muscles themselves have been studied in the legs of normal standing men. We focussed on the following questions. Do postural adjustments precede the focal movement as in the case of movements of the upper limb? Which muscle(s) are involved in the task of stabilizing posture?(More)