Antonio Manzo

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BACKGROUND Follicular structures resembling germinal centres (GCs) that are characterized by follicular dendritic cell (FDC) networks have long been recognized in chronically inflamed tissues in autoimmune diseases, including the synovium of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, it is debated whether these ectopic structures promote autoimmunity and chronic(More)
OBJECTIVE Ectopic lymphoneogenesis can occur in the salivary glands of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) patients and is associated with local antigen-driven B cell responses, autoantibody formation, and potential lymphomatous transformation. CXCL13 and CCL21 have been identified in salivary glands, but their role in ectopic lymphoneogenesis in SS remains unclear.(More)
Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1; CXCL12), a CXC chemokine, has a primary role in signaling the recruitment of hemopoietic stem cell precursors to the bone marrow during embryonic development. In postnatal life, SDF-1 is widely expressed and is induced in chronically inflamed tissues such as psoriatic skin and the rheumatoid synovium, but has also been(More)
The recently observed low reproducibility of focus score (FS) assessment at different section depths in a series of single minor salivary gland biopsies highlighted the need for a standardized protocol of extensive histopathological examination of such biopsies in Sjogren's syndrome. For this purpose, a cumulative focus score (cFS) was evaluated on three(More)
CCL21 is a homeostatic lymphoid chemokine instrumental in the recruitment and organization of T cells and dendritic cells into lymphoid T areas. In human secondary lymphoid organs (SLOs), CCL21 is produced by cells distributed throughout the T zone, whereas high endothelial venules (HEVs) lack CCL21 mRNA. A critical question remains whether the development(More)
CXCL13 and CCL21 have been functionally implicated in lymphoid tissue organization both in the upstream phases of lymphoid tissue embryogenesis and in ectopic lymphoid neogenesis in transgenic mice. Here, we analyzed the relationship between CXCL13 and CCL21 production and lymphoid tissue organization in rheumatoid synovitis as a model of a naturally(More)
OBJECTIVE Synovial B cells play a critical role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), being involved in autoantibody synthesis, T cell activation, and cytokine production. CXCL13 is a B cell chemoattractant that is instrumental in synovial B cell organization; the regulatory determinants of CXCL13 in inflammation are poorly characterized. This study was undertaken(More)
A sizeable subset of patients with the two most common organ-specific rheumatic autoimmune diseases, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Sjögren's syndrome (SS) develop ectopic lymphoid structures (ELS) in the synovial tissue and salivary glands, respectively. These structures are characterized by perivascular (RA) and periductal (SS) clusters of T and B(More)
The ability to effectively treat patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has become increasingly feasible with the use of powerful treatment regimens early on in the disease. The use of such regimens has, however, created a pressing requirement for better prognostic markers to allow the targeting of these treatments to those most at need, hence minimizing(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanisms by which monocyte/macrophage cells migrate to the joint involve a series of integrated adhesion and signaling events in which chemokines and their receptors are strongly implicated. This study was undertaken to investigate the hypothesis that stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1), a CXC chemokine (CXCL12), plays a critical role in(More)