Antonio Madeo

Learn More
The higher incidence of thyroid carcinoma (TC) in women during reproductive years compared with men and the increased risk associated with the therapeutic use of estrogens have suggested a pathogenetic role exerted by these steroids in the development of TC. In the present study, we evaluated the potential of 17beta-estradiol (E2), genistein (G), and(More)
Estrogens play a crucial role in the development of ovarian tumors; however, the signal transduction pathways involved in hormone action are still poorly defined. The orphan G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) mediates the nongenomic signaling of 17beta-estradiol (E2) in a variety of estrogen-sensitive cancer cells through activation of the epidermal(More)
The steroid hormone oestrogen can signal through several receptors and pathways. Although the transcriptional responses mediated by the nuclear oestrogen receptors (ER) have been extensively characterized, the changes in gene expression elicited by signalling through the membrane-associated ER GPR30 have not been studied. We show here for ER-negative human(More)
Fibroblasts are the principal cellular component of connective tissue and are associated with cancer cells at all stages of tumor progression. Structural and functional contributions of fibroblasts to the growth, survival, and invasive capacity of cancer cells are beginning to emerge. In breast carcinoma, approximately 80% of stromal fibroblasts termed(More)
Different cellular receptors mediate the biological effects induced by estrogens. In addition to the classical nuclear estrogen receptors (ERs)-alpha and -beta, estrogen also signals through the seven-transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor (GPR)-30. Using as a model system SkBr3 and BT20 breast cancer cells lacking the classical ER, the regulation of(More)
BACKGROUND Atrazine, one of the most common pesticide contaminants, has been shown to up-regulate aromatase activity in certain estrogen-sensitive tumors without binding or activating the estrogen receptor (ER). Recent investigations have demonstrated that the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30), which is structurally unrelated to the ER, mediates(More)
INTRODUCTION Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis and dysplasia in one or more lineages, produce life-threatening cytopenias and progress to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Growing evidence suggests that targeting epigenetic mechanisms improves MDS/AML pathophysiology. AREAS COVERED This review provides an(More)
Activation of c-Jun, a major component of the AP-1 transcription factor, represents a paradigm for transcriptional response to stress. Transactivation of c-Jun is regulated by Jun-N-terminal kinases (JNKs) through phosphorylation at serine 63 and 73 (S63/S73), as well as at threonine 91 and 93 (T91/T93). How these two groups of phosphoacceptor sites respond(More)
The isolation of the G-protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30), an orphan membrane receptor unrelated to nuclear estrogen receptors (ERs), has become a key factor towards the unraveling of rapid estrogen action. This membrane receptor together with cellular signaling intermediaries, i.e., extracellular signal-dependent kinases 1 and 2, may promote neuronal(More)
Resveratrol (RSV) is classified as a phytoestrogen due to its ability to interact with estrogen receptors (ERs). We assessed structure-activity relationships of RSV and the analogs 4,4'-dihydroxystilbene (4,4'-DHS), 3,5-dihydroxystilbene (3,5-DHS), 3,4'-dihydroxystilbene (3,4'-DHS), 4-hydroxystilbene (4-HS) using as model systems the ERalpha-positive and(More)