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The inferior colliculus (IC) is primarily involved in the processing of acoustic stimuli, being in a position to send auditory information to motor centers that participate in behaviors such as prey catching and predators' avoidance. The role of the central nucleus of the IC (CIC) on fear and anxiety has been suggested on the basis that rats are able to(More)
The neural substrate underlying the aversive effects induced by ethanol abstinence is still unclear. One candidate for such effects is the dorsal periaqueductal gray (dPAG), a core structure of the brain aversion system. The main aim of this study is to examine the role of the dPAG as a possible locus of the aversive effects following abrupt alcohol(More)
The "regional basic diet" or RBD is a multideficient diet (providing 8% protein) which is known to produce dietary deficiencies in some populations in northeastern Brazil. The present study investigated the effects of RBD-induced malnutrition on resting blood pressure and baroreflex sensitivity in conscious rats. Malnourished rats were obtained by feeding(More)
Rats segregated according to low (LA) or high (HA) anxiety levels have been used as an important tool in the study of fear and anxiety. Since the efficacy of an anxiolytic compound is a function of the animal's basal anxiety level, it is possible that chronic treatment with a benzodiazepine (Bzp) affects LA and HA animals differently. Based on these(More)
The maintenance of arterial pressure at levels adequate to perfuse the tissues is a basic requirement for the constancy of the internal environment and survival. The objective of the present review was to provide information about the basic reflex mechanisms that are responsible for the moment-to-moment regulation of the cardiovascular system. We(More)
The influence of sex hormones on the development of left ventricular hypertrophy was investigated in baroreceptor-denervated rats. A significant increase (p less than 0.01) in the left ventricular weight/body weight ratio was observed in male but not in female rats 15 days after operation, compared to age- and sex-matched sham-operated rats. This(More)
This study examined the renal excretory responses produced by the intravenous (i.v.) infusion of the alpha-2 agonist, xylazine, in ketamine-anesthetized rats. In addition, the renal responses produced by the intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of opioid agonists were also examined with use of this anesthetic paradigm. In male Sprague-Dawley rats, the(More)
In spontaneously hypertensive rats, ouabain exerts an excitatory effect on baroreceptor nerve activity (BNA). The aim of this study was to determine the effects of ouabain on BNA in other experimental models of hypertension and its interaction with nitric oxide. Rats were made hypertensive using the procedures for N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester(More)
The baroreflex has been shown to be impaired in rat models of cardiac hypertrophy. In the present study, we investigated the effects of beta-adrenoceptor-induced cardiac hypertrophy on the baroreflex in mice. Male Swiss Webster mice weighing 20-25 g were treated with the beta-adrenoceptor agonist isoproterenol (IPM; 15 microg/g/day, s.c.) for 7 days or with(More)
kappa-Opioids produce a centrally mediated diuresis, antinatriuresis, and renal sympathoexcitation in vivo; however, the specific brain sites mediating these responses are unknown. This study examined the role of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and the renal sympathetic nerves in mediating the cardiovascular and renal responses to central(More)