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The yeast cell wall contains beta1,3-glucanase-extractable and beta1,3-glucanase-resistant mannoproteins. The beta1,3-glucanase-extractable proteins are retained in the cell wall by attachment to a beta1,6-glucan moiety, which in its turn is linked to beta1,3-glucan (J. C. Kapteyn, R. C. Montijn, E. Vink, J. De La Cruz, A. Llobell, J. E. Douwes, H. Shimoi,(More)
Yeast cell wall proteins, including Cwp1p and alpha-agglutinin, could be released by treating the cell wall with either beta-1,3-or beta-1,6-glucanases, indicating that both polymers are involved in anchoring cell wall proteins. It was shown immunologically that both beta-1,3- and beta-1,6-glucan were linked to yeast cell wall proteins, including Cwp1p and(More)
BACKGROUND The filamentous fungus Trichoderma harzianum is used as biological control agent of several plant-pathogenic fungi. In order to study the genome of this fungus, a functional genomics project called "TrichoEST" was developed to give insights into genes involved in biological control activities using an approach based on the generation of expressed(More)
Mycoparasitic Trichoderma strains secrete a complex set of hydrolytic enzymes under conditions related to antagonism. Several proteins with proteolytic activity were detected in culture filtrates from T. harzianum CECT 2413 grown in fungal cell walls or chitin and the protein responsible for the main activity (PRA1) was purified to homogeneity. The enzyme(More)
Trichoderma mycoparasitic activity depends on the secretion of complex mixtures of hydrolytic enzymes able to degrade the host cell wall. We have analysed the extracellular proteome secreted by T. harzianum CECT 2413 in the presence of different fungal cell walls. Significant differences were detected in 2DE maps, depending on the use of specific cell walls(More)
The capacity of the fungus Trichoderma harzianum CECT 2413 to colonize roots and stimulate plant growth was analyzed. Tobacco seedlings (Nicotiana benthamiana) transferred to Petri dishes inoculated with T. harzianum conidia showed increased plant fresh weight (140%) and foliar area (300%), as well as the proliferation of secondary roots (300%) and true(More)
Trichoderma harzianum secretes alpha-1,3-glucanases when it is grown on polysaccharides, fungal cell walls, or autoclaved mycelium as a carbon source (simulated antagonistic conditions). We have purified and characterized one of these enzymes, named AGN13.1. The enzyme was monomeric and slightly basic. AGN13.1 was an exo-type alpha-1,3-glucanase and showed(More)
Trichoderma species have been investigated as biological control agents for over 70 years owing to their ability to antagonize plant pathogenic fungi. Mycoparasitism, one of the main mechanisms involved in the antagonistic activity of Trichoderma strains, depends on the secretion of complex mixtures of hydrolytic enzymes able to degrade the host cell wall.(More)
Trichoderma harzianum is a widespread mycoparasitic fungus, able to successfully colonize a wide range of substrates under different environmental conditions. Transcript profiling revealed a subset of genes induced in T. harzianum under hyperosmotic shock. The hog1 gene, a homologue of the MAPK HOG1 gene that controls the hyperosmotic stress response in(More)
Proteolytic enzymes (EC 3.4) secreted by Trichoderma strains are receiving increasing attention because of their potential implication in the Trichoderma biocontrol abilities. We have used an expressed sequence tag (EST) approach to identify genes encoding extracellular peptidases in T. harzianum CECT 2413 grown under several biocontrol-related conditions.(More)