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The yeast cell wall contains beta1,3-glucanase-extractable and beta1,3-glucanase-resistant mannoproteins. The beta1,3-glucanase-extractable proteins are retained in the cell wall by attachment to a beta1,6-glucan moiety, which in its turn is linked to beta1,3-glucan (J. C. Kapteyn, R. C. Montijn, E. Vink, J. De La Cruz, A. Llobell, J. E. Douwes, H. Shimoi,(More)
Yeast cell wall proteins, including Cwp1p and alpha-agglutinin, could be released by treating the cell wall with either beta-1,3-or beta-1,6-glucanases, indicating that both polymers are involved in anchoring cell wall proteins. It was shown immunologically that both beta-1,3- and beta-1,6-glucan were linked to yeast cell wall proteins, including Cwp1p and(More)
Mycoparasitic Trichoderma strains secrete a complex set of hydrolytic enzymes under conditions related to antagonism. Several proteins with proteolytic activity were detected in culture filtrates from T. harzianum CECT 2413 grown in fungal cell walls or chitin and the protein responsible for the main activity (PRA1) was purified to homogeneity. The enzyme(More)
BACKGROUND The filamentous fungus Trichoderma harzianum is used as biological control agent of several plant-pathogenic fungi. In order to study the genome of this fungus, a functional genomics project called "TrichoEST" was developed to give insights into genes involved in biological control activities using an approach based on the generation of expressed(More)
1. Purification of horse-liver glutathione reductase was obtained by affinity chromatography on N6-(6-aminohexyl)-adenosine-1'5'-bisphosphate Sepharose (N6-2'5'-ADP-Sepharose) and Reactive Red-120-Agarose, and chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex and Sephacryl S-300. 2. The final preparation had 248 U/mg specific activity after 11,174-fold purification with 47%(More)
Trichoderma mycoparasitic activity depends on the secretion of complex mixtures of hydrolytic enzymes able to degrade the host cell wall. We have analysed the extracellular proteome secreted by T. harzianum CECT 2413 in the presence of different fungal cell walls. Significant differences were detected in 2DE maps, depending on the use of specific cell walls(More)
Mutants unable to grow on glycerol were isolated from the fission yeast Schyzosaccharomyces pombe. Two types of mutants were obtained: one type was able to grow on dihydroxyacetone while the other one did not grow on this compound. The first type of mutants was defective in glycerol dehydrogenase while the second one was affected both in the glycerol(More)
The capacity of the fungus Trichoderma harzianum CECT 2413 to colonize roots and stimulate plant growth was analyzed. Tobacco seedlings (Nicotiana benthamiana) transferred to Petri dishes inoculated with T. harzianum conidia showed increased plant fresh weight (140%) and foliar area (300%), as well as the proliferation of secondary roots (300%) and true(More)
Hydrolytic enzymes from the filamentous fungus Trichoderma harzianum have been described as critical elements of the mycoparasitic action of Trichoderma against fungal plant pathogens. In this report we describe the first genomic and cE)NA clones encoding a β-1,6-endoglucanase gene. The deduced protein sequence has limited homology with other β-glucanases.(More)
Trichoderma species have been investigated as biological control agents for over 70 years owing to their ability to antagonize plant pathogenic fungi. Mycoparasitism, one of the main mechanisms involved in the antagonistic activity of Trichoderma strains, depends on the secretion of complex mixtures of hydrolytic enzymes able to degrade the host cell wall.(More)