Antonio Llobell

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The capacity of the fungus Trichoderma harzianum CECT 2413 to colonize roots and stimulate plant growth was analyzed. Tobacco seedlings (Nicotiana benthamiana) transferred to Petri dishes inoculated with T. harzianum conidia showed increased plant fresh weight (140%) and foliar area (300%), as well as the proliferation of secondary roots (300%) and true(More)
The yeast cell wall contains beta1,3-glucanase-extractable and beta1,3-glucanase-resistant mannoproteins. The beta1,3-glucanase-extractable proteins are retained in the cell wall by attachment to a beta1,6-glucan moiety, which in its turn is linked to beta1,3-glucan (J. C. Kapteyn, R. C. Montijn, E. Vink, J. De La Cruz, A. Llobell, J. E. Douwes, H. Shimoi,(More)
Yeast cell wall proteins, including Cwp1p and alpha-agglutinin, could be released by treating the cell wall with either beta-1,3-or beta-1,6-glucanases, indicating that both polymers are involved in anchoring cell wall proteins. It was shown immunologically that both beta-1,3- and beta-1,6-glucan were linked to yeast cell wall proteins, including Cwp1p and(More)
The mycoparasitic fungus Trichoderma harzianum CECT 2413 produces at least three extracellular beta-1,3-glucanases. The most basic of these extracellular enzymes, named BGN13.1, was expressed when either fungal cell wall polymers or autoclaved mycelia from different fungi were used as the carbon source. BGN13.1 was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity(More)
The filamentous fungus Trichoderma harzianum is used as biological control agent of several plant-pathogenic fungi. In order to study the genome of this fungus, a functional genomics project called "TrichoEST" was developed to give insights into genes involved in biological control activities using an approach based on the generation of expressed sequence(More)
A gene (chit33) from the mycoparasitic fungus Trichoderma harzianum, coding for a chitinase of 33 kDa, has been isolated and characterized. Partial amino-acid sequences from the purified 33-kDa chitinase were obtained. The amino-terminal peptide sequence was employed to design an oligonucleotide probe and was used as a primer to isolate a 1.2-kb cDNA. The(More)
A cDNA of Trichoderma harzianum (chit42), coding for an endochitinase of 42 kDa, has been cloned using synthetic oligonucleotides corresponding to aminoacid sequences of the purified chitinase. The cDNA codes for a protein of 423 amino acids. Analysis of the N-terminal amino-acid sequence of the chitinase, and comparison with that deduced from the(More)
Hydrolytic enzymes from the filamentous fungus Trichoderma harzianum have been described as critical elements of the mycoparasitic action of Trichoderma against fungal plant pathogens. In this report we describe the first genomic and cE)NA clones encoding a β-1,6-endoglucanase gene. The deduced protein sequence has limited homology with other β-glucanases.(More)
Mutants unable to grow on glycerol were isolated from the fission yeast Schyzosaccharomyces pombe. Two types of mutants were obtained: one type was able to grow on dihydroxyacetone while the other one did not grow on this compound. The first type of mutants was defective in glycerol dehydrogenase while the second one was affected both in the glycerol(More)
Trichoderma harzianum is a widespread mycoparasitic fungus, able to successfully colonize a wide range of substrates under different environmental conditions. Transcript profiling revealed a subset of genes induced in T. harzianum under hyperosmotic shock. The hog1 gene, a homologue of the MAPK HOG1 gene that controls the hyperosmotic stress response in(More)