Antonio Leone

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Spondylolysis is an osseous defect of the pars interarticularis, thought to be a developmental or acquired stress fracture secondary to chronic low-grade trauma. It is encountered most frequently in adolescents, most commonly involving the lower lumbar spine, with particularly high prevalence among athletes involved in certain sports or activities.(More)
The ankylosed spine is prone to fracture even after minor trauma due to its changed biomechanical properties. The two central features of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) that promote the pathological remodeling of the spine are inflammation and new bone formation. AS is also associated with osteoporosis that is attributed to an uncoupling of the bone formation(More)
AIMS Recent data suggest that the administration of bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSC) might improve myocardial perfusion and left ventricular (LV) function after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of this study was to assess spontaneous mobilization of BMSC expressing the haematopoietic and endothelial progenitor cell-associated antigen CD34+(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the utility of serial measurements of plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) to detect acute cardiac dysfunction during weaning failure in difficult to wean patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. DESIGN Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING A 14-bed general intensive care unit in a(More)
Several physiological and pathophysiological stimuli or drugs modulate endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) mobilization. Moreover, levels of circulating EPCs predict cardiovascular risk and left ventricular remodelling after myocardial infarction. Nevertheless, our understanding in this field is complicated by lack of an unequivocal definition of EPCs, thus(More)
BACKGROUND Access-site vascular complications (ASVC) in patients undergoing trans-radial coronary procedures are rare but may have relevant clinical consequences. Data regarding the optimal management of radial-access-related ASVC are lacking. METHODS During a period of 6 years we prospectively collected ASVC. ASVC were defined as any complication(More)
Intervertebral instability of the lumbar spine is thought to be a possible pathomechanical mechanism underlying low back pain and sciatica and is often an important factor in determining surgical indication for spinal fusion and decompression. Instability of the lumbar spine, however, remains a controversial and poorly understood topic. At present, much(More)
BACKGROUND Randomized trials have shown that transradial approach, compared with transfemoral, reduces vascular complications (VCs) of coronary procedures in selected patients. Yet, radial approach is associated to a variety of access-site VC as well as to a higher failure rate compared with femoral access. METHODS At our institution, from May 2005 to May(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to compare the procedural performance and the acute angiographic result on side-branch ostium obtained using 2 different drug-eluting stents (DES) to treat patients with bifurcated coronary lesions. BACKGROUND Drug-eluting stents are routinely used in percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) of bifurcated coronary lesions.(More)
BACKGROUND Microparticles (MP) are vesicles released from activated or apoptotic cells. Endothelial MP (EMP) are derived from injured endothelium, platelet MP (PMP) from activated platelets, and Annexin V positive MP (AMP) from apoptotic endothelial cells. The aim was to assess the release of MP and its association with inflammation and atherosclerotic(More)