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Forty-two healthy men and women were subjected to four consecutive dietary periods differing in the fat content of saturated fatty acids (SFAs), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), and polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6) [PUFA(n-6)] and (n-3) [PUFA(n-3)]. Plasma lipids, vitamin E, and in vitro LDL oxidation were examined during each period. Adhesion of human(More)
Lead exposure is a known cause of hypertension. Although most studies have focused on lead-induced endothelial dysfunction and on the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS), it has been recently demonstrated that the vascular wall of lead-exposed rats has both an altered the endothelium-independent relaxing response and a reduced expression of soluble(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to analyze whether nitric oxide (NO) modulates the human potassium channel hKv1.5, which generates the ultrarapid delayed rectifier current (IKur) that determines the height and duration of atrial action potentials. METHODS Currents were recorded using the whole-cell patch-clamp in Ltk- cells expressing hKv1.5 channels.(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression of proteins related to cytoskeleton and energetic metabolism at abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sites using proteomics. Several remodeling-related mechanisms have been associated with AAA formation but less is known about the expression of proteins associated with cytoskeleton and energetic(More)
BACKGROUND In recent studies, the hypothesis has been raised that the mechanisms by which aspirin acts as a protective anti-ischemic agent exceed the inhibition of platelet thromboxane A2 synthesis. Recently, new data have been obtained disclosing a platelet-antiaggregating effect by neutrophils, which occurs through a nitric oxide (NO)/cGMP-dependent(More)
The effects of dietary fat saturation on eicosanoid urinary excretion, platelet aggregation (PA) and blood pressure (BP) were studied in 42 healthy subjects. They consumed four consecutive diets differing in their fat saturation [saturated (SFA); monounsaturated (MUFA); polyunsaturated n-6 (PUFA n-6); and polyunsaturated n-6/n-3, (PUFA n-3)]. Each diet(More)
Changes in endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression may be involved in the endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation dysfunction associated with several vascular diseases. In the present work, we demonstrate that eNOS mRNA contains a previously undescribed cis element in the 3' untranslated region (3' UTR). A U+C-rich segment in the 3' UTR is critical(More)
Changes in the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in the peritoneum could be involved in the peritoneal dysfunction associated with peritoneal inflammation. Demonstrated recently in bovine endothelial cells was the existence of cytosolic proteins that bind to the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of eNOS mRNA and could be implicated in(More)
Low-level lead exposure is a known cause of hypertension that has been associated with increased reactive oxygen species activity and endothelial-dependent vasorelaxation impairment. The effect of lead exposure on the vascular nitric oxide (NO)/cyclic guanocine monophosphate (cGMP) system was analyzed. Wistar rats were exposed to 5 ppm lead acetate in the(More)
The effect of synthetic porcine endothelin on glomerular filtration rate, renal plasma flow and electrolyte excretion was studied in rats. Endothelin, 1 nmol/kg body weight given as a bolus, induced a transient decrease in glomerular filtration rate (72%) and in renal plasma flow (76%) as well as in sodium excretion, accompanied by a sustained increase in(More)