Antonio J Martinez-Fuentes

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In excitable cells, voltage-gated calcium influx provides an effective mechanism for the activation of exocytosis. In this study, we demonstrate that although rat anterior pituitary lactotrophs, somatotrophs, and gonadotrophs exhibited spontaneous and extracellular calcium-dependent electrical activity, voltage-gated calcium influx triggered secretion only(More)
Cultured rat pituitary cells and immortalized pituitary gonadotrophs (alphaT3-1 cells) express specific messenger RNA transcripts for GnRH and exhibit positive immunostaining for the GnRH peptide. Each cell type released GnRH during both static culture and perifusion, albeit in lesser amounts than cultured hypothalamic cells and GT1-7 neurons. In perifused(More)
Episodic hormone secretion is a characteristic feature of the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal system, in which the profile of gonadotropin release from pituitary gonadotrophs reflects the pulsatile secretory activity of GnRH-producing neurons in the hypothalamus. Pulsatile release of GnRH is also evident in vitro during perifusion of immortalized GnRH neurons(More)
Adiponectin is a member of the family of adipose tissue-related hormones known as adipokines, which exerts antidiabetic, antiatherogenic, antiinflammatory, and antiangiogenic properties. Adiponectin actions are primarily mediated through binding to two receptors expressed in several tissues, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2. Likewise, adiponectin expression has been(More)
The characteristic pulsatile secretion of GnRH from hypothalamic neurons is dependent on an autocrine interaction between GnRH and its receptors expressed in GnRH-producing neurons. The ontogeny and function of this autoregulatory process were investigated in studies on the properties of GnRH neurons derived from the olfactory placode of the fetal rat. An(More)
The UII and urotensin II-related peptide (URP) genes belong to the same superfamily as the somatostatin gene. It has been previously shown that somatostatin activates the UII-receptor (UTR). In contrast, the possible interaction between UII and URP and somatostatin receptors has remained scarcely analyzed. Herein, we have investigated the effects of UII and(More)
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