Antonio J. Martínez-Fuentes

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In excitable cells, voltage-gated calcium influx provides an effective mechanism for the activation of exocytosis. In this study, we demonstrate that although rat anterior pituitary lactotrophs, somatotrophs, and gonadotrophs exhibited spontaneous and extracellular calcium-dependent electrical activity, voltage-gated calcium influx triggered secretion only(More)
BACKGROUND Before the arrival of Europeans to Cuba, the island was inhabited by two Native American groups, the Tainos and the Ciboneys. Most of the present archaeological, linguistic and ancient DNA evidence indicates a South American origin for these populations. In colonial times, Cuban Native American people were replaced by European settlers and slaves(More)
Cultured rat pituitary cells and immortalized pituitary gonadotrophs (alphaT3-1 cells) express specific messenger RNA transcripts for GnRH and exhibit positive immunostaining for the GnRH peptide. Each cell type released GnRH during both static culture and perifusion, albeit in lesser amounts than cultured hypothalamic cells and GT1-7 neurons. In perifused(More)
The mechanism of agonist-induced activation of Pyk2 and its relationship with ERK1/2 phosphorylation was analyzed in HEK293 cells stably expressing the gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor. GnRH stimulation caused rapid and sustained phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and Pyk2 that was accompanied by their nuclear translocation. Pyk2 was also localized on(More)
Kisspeptins, a family of peptide products derived from the KiSS-1 gene, activate their cognate receptor GPR54 in various target tissues to exert disparate functions, including inhibition of tumor metastasis and control of reproductive function. In contrast to the plethora of studies that have analyzed in recent years the regulatory functions of the(More)
Episodic hormone secretion is a characteristic feature of the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal system, in which the profile of gonadotropin release from pituitary gonadotrophs reflects the pulsatile secretory activity of GnRH-producing neurons in the hypothalamus. Pulsatile release of GnRH is also evident in vitro during perifusion of immortalized GnRH neurons(More)
Recent, compelling evidence indicates that kisspeptins, the products of KiSS-1 gene, and their receptor GPR54, represent key elements in the neuroendocrine control of reproduction, and that they act primarily by regulating gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion at the hypothalamus. Conversely, and despite earlier reports showing GPR54 expression(More)
Adiponectin is a member of the family of adipose tissue-related hormones known as adipokines, which exerts antidiabetic, antiatherogenic, antiinflammatory, and antiangiogenic properties. Adiponectin actions are primarily mediated through binding to two receptors expressed in several tissues, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2. Likewise, adiponectin expression has been(More)
The human ghrelin gene, which encodes the ghrelin and obestatin peptides, contains 5 exons (Ex), with Ex1-Ex4 encoding a 117 amino-acid (aa) preproprotein that is known to be processed to yield a 28-aa (ghrelin) and/or a 23-aa (obestatin) mature peptides, which possess biological activities in multiple tissues. However, the ghrelin gene also encodes(More)
The characteristic pulsatile secretion of GnRH from hypothalamic neurons is dependent on an autocrine interaction between GnRH and its receptors expressed in GnRH-producing neurons. The ontogeny and function of this autoregulatory process were investigated in studies on the properties of GnRH neurons derived from the olfactory placode of the fetal rat. An(More)