Antonio Giovino

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Groups of eight rats each were preexposed on four occasions to 10 or 20 mg/kg morphine sulfate, IP, either in activity boxes where activity was measured for two hours (COND, conditioning groups) or in their home cages (UNPAIRED groups). On alternate days these groups were administered saline in the other environment. Two groups of eight rats each served as(More)
oeurotensin (NT) is a tridecapeptide which is thought to bind to receptors located on dopamine cells in the ventral tegmental area (VTA). Rats with cannulas implanted in the VTA showed a significant increase in time spent in an environment in which they had received bilateral injections of neurotensin on previous days. This is indicative of conditioned(More)
Earlier work with the conditioned place-preference paradigm suggested that neurotensin (NT) acts as a behavioral reinforcer when microinjected into the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of the midbrain. We report here that animals will perform an operant task to obtain microinfusions of NT into the VTA. Rats reliably pressed a lever to obtain NT infusions while(More)
Opiates are known to be reinforcing when injected into the ventral tegmental area (VTA). The present study produced conditioned reinforcement with local injections of exogenous d-ala2-met5-enkephalinamide (DALA), a potent analogue of met-enkephalin, and with thiorphan , an enkephalinase inhibitor which protects endogenous opiates from enzymic degradation.(More)
The red palm weevil (RPW; Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) is spreading worldwide and severely harming many palm species. However, most studies on RPW focused on insect biology, and little information is available about the plant response to the attack. In the present experiment, we used metabolomics to study the alteration of the leaf metabolome of Phoenix(More)
UNLABELLED Red Palm Weevil (RPW, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier) threatens most palm species worldwide. Until now, no studies have analyzed the gene regulatory networks of Phoenix canariensis (Chabaud) in response to RPW attacks. The aim of this study was to fill this knowledge gap. Providing this basic knowledge is very important to improve its(More)
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