Antonio Giovanni Secchi

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BACKGROUND Islet transplantation offers the potential to improve glycemic control in a subgroup of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus who are disabled by refractory hypoglycemia. We conducted an international, multicenter trial to explore the feasibility and reproducibility of islet transplantation with the use of a single common protocol (the Edmonton(More)
Tissue-specific transcriptional regulation is central to human disease. To identify regulatory DNA active in human pancreatic islets, we profiled chromatin by formaldehyde-assisted isolation of regulatory elements coupled with high-throughput sequencing (FAIRE-seq). We identified ∼80,000 open chromatin sites. Comparison of FAIRE-seq data from islets to that(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe trends of primary efficacy and safety outcomes of islet transplantation in type 1 diabetes recipients with severe hypoglycemia from the Collaborative Islet Transplant Registry (CITR) from 1999 to 2010. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 677 islet transplant-alone or islet-after-kidney recipients with type 1 diabetes in the CITR(More)
Insulin resistance is a key pathogenic factor of type 2 diabetes (T2DM); in contrast, in type 1 diabetes (T1DM) it is considered a secondary alteration. Increased intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content accumulation and reduced plasma adiponectin were suggested to be pathogenic events of insulin resistance in T2DM. This study was designed to assess whether(More)
OBJECTIVE Autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes, are thought to have a Th17-cell bias and/or a T-regulatory cell (Treg) defect. Understanding whether this is a hallmark of patients with type 1 diabetes is a crucial question that is still unsolved, largely due to the difficulties of accessing tissues targeted by the disease. RESEARCH DESIGN AND(More)
Efficient islet isolation is an important prerequisite for successful clinical islet transplantation. Although progressively improved, islet yield and quality are, however, unpredictable and variable and require standardisation. Since 1989 we have processed 437 pancreases using the automated method. The donor characteristics, pancreas procurement, and(More)
We investigated the capacity of human islets to produce monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Primary cultures of pancreatic islets expressed and secreted MCP-1, as determined by Northern blot, immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The produced MCP-1 was biologically active as it attracted monocytes in(More)
In this study, pancreas transplantation is used as a clinical model of pancreas denervation in humans. To assess the role of innervation on the feedback autoinhibition of insulin secretion, we studied four groups of subjects--group 1: 16 patients with combined pancreas and kidney transplantation (plasma glucose = 5.1 mM, HbA1c = 6.4%, creatinine = 86 mM);(More)
BACKGROUND Activated CD4+ T cells, mast cells and eosinophils are the main cytokine-producing cell-types infiltrating the conjunctiva during chronic allergic eye diseases. Interactions between these cells are thought to play an important immunopathogenic role in these disorders (giant papillary conjunctivitis; vernal keratoconjunctivitis; atopic(More)
This single-centre study investigated parameters that positively correlated with the success rate after islet allotransplantation in insulin-dependent diabetic (IDDM) patients. Twenty-one intrahepatic, fresh islet transplantations were performed in 20 IDDM patients (one patient had two transplants), after or simultaneous with kidney transplantation. The(More)