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The effect of intraurethral application of capsaicin on the urethral motility of urethane anesthetized rats has been investigated. The urinary bladder and the urethra were surgically disconnected, and both organs were cannulated to record variations in intraluminal pressure (cystourethrogram). Urinary bladder reflex contractions in response to intravesical(More)
1. We have studied the mechanical response of circular strips of the guinea-pig ileum to tachykinins and characterized the receptors involved by means of receptor-selective agonists. 2. The strips responded to both substance P (SP) and neurokinin A (NKA), as well as to [Pro9]-SP sulphone (selective NK1-receptor agonist), [beta Ala8]-NKA(4-10) (selective(More)
We examined the effect of the muscarinic agonist McN-A-343 (4-m-chlorophenylcarbamoyloxy-2-butynyl trimethyl ammonium) on in vitro preparations of rat small intestine. McN-A-343 (0.1-10 microM) induced a concentration-dependent relaxation of duodenum, jejunum and ileum. This effect was due to activation of muscarinic receptors of the M1 subtype, inasmuch as(More)
The vasoactive intestinal polypeptide was present in synaptosomal (nerve ending) preparations from cerebral cortex, hypothalamus, and striatum of rat brain in higher concentrations than in these tissues as a whole. The total content and relative specific activity of the peptide increased with progressive purification of the synaptosomal fractions and(More)
1. KCl, carbachol, neurokinin A and endothelin produced concentration-dependent contractions of mucosa-free muscle strips from the dome of the human urinary bladder. The maximal response to carbachol or neurokinin A exceeded that to KCl, while the maximal response to endothelin approached that to KCl. 2. Nifedipine (1 microM) abolished the response to KCl,(More)
The selectivity profiles of the muscarinic receptor antagonists dicyclomine and trihexyphenidyl have been examined in binding and functional studies and compared with those of pirenzepine and atropine. Dicyclomine, trihexyphenidyl and pirenzepine demonstrated the highest affinity for the M1 muscarinic receptor subtype as revealed in competition experiments(More)
1. In the presence of atropine (1 microM), guanethidine (3 microM), indomethacin (3 microM), nifedipine (1 microM), L-nitroarginine (L-NOARG, 100 microM), and the selective tachykinin NK1 and NK2 receptor antagonists, SR 140,333 and GR 94,800, respectively (0.1 microM each), a single pulse of electrical field stimulation (EFS) produced a monophasic(More)