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1. We have studied the mechanical response of circular strips of the guinea-pig ileum to tachykinins and characterized the receptors involved by means of receptor-selective agonists. 2. The strips responded to both substance P (SP) and neurokinin A (NKA), as well as to [Pro9]-SP sulphone (selective NK1-receptor agonist), [beta Ala8]-NKA(4-10) (selective(More)
AF-DX 116 (see chemical name below) is a competitive antagonist of muscarine receptors in peripheral organs. In contrast to pirenzepine, its behaviour in functional experiments indicates selectivity for the M2 muscarinic subtype. In pithed rats AF-DX 116 inhibits vagally-induced bradycardia, an M2 response, (ED50 32 micrograms/kg i.v.) in preference to the(More)
The M2 subtype of the muscarinic receptor was investigated using the antagonist AF-DX 116. In "in vitro" and "in vivo" experiments, AF-DX 116 behaved as a competitive antagonist and exhibited a selectivity for cardiac muscarinic-mediated functions. It antagonized negative chronotropic and inotropic effects exerted by muscarinic receptor activation in the(More)
1. The aim of this study was the pharmacological characterization of tachykinin NK1 and NK2 receptors mediating contraction in the circular muscle of the guinea-pig ileum and proximal colon. The action of substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA) and of the synthetic agonists [Sar9]SP sulphone, [Glp6,Pro9]SP(6-11) (septide) and [beta Ala8]NKA(4-10) was(More)
We examined the effect of the muscarinic agonist McN-A-343 (4-m-chlorophenylcarbamoyloxy-2-butynyl trimethyl ammonium) on in vitro preparations of rat small intestine. McN-A-343 (0.1-10 microM) induced a concentration-dependent relaxation of duodenum, jejunum and ileum. This effect was due to activation of muscarinic receptors of the M1 subtype, inasmuch as(More)
The activity of natural endothelins such as ET-1, ET-2, ET-3 and of sarafotoxin S6b (SRFTX) as compared to that of the C-terminal hexapeptide ET-(16-21) was investigated in several smooth muscle preparations in the presence of indomethacin, captopril, bestatin and thiorphan. In some tissues (rat thoracic aorta, guinea-pig ileum, human urinary bladder, renal(More)
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) caused by amyloid beta (Abeta) deposition around brain microvessels results in vascular degenerative changes. Antiangiogenic Abeta properties are known to contribute to the compromised cerebrovascular architecture. Here we hypothesize that Abeta peptides impair angiogenesis by causing endothelial cells to enter senescence(More)