Antonio Giachetti

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The effect of intraurethral application of capsaicin on the urethral motility of urethane anesthetized rats has been investigated. The urinary bladder and the urethra were surgically disconnected, and both organs were cannulated to record variations in intraluminal pressure (cystourethrogram). Urinary bladder reflex contractions in response to intravesical(More)
We examined the effect of the muscarinic agonist McN-A-343 (4-m-chlorophenylcarbamoyloxy-2-butynyl trimethyl ammonium) on in vitro preparations of rat small intestine. McN-A-343 (0.1-10 microM) induced a concentration-dependent relaxation of duodenum, jejunum and ileum. This effect was due to activation of muscarinic receptors of the M1 subtype, inasmuch as(More)
The vasoactive intestinal polypeptide was present in synaptosomal (nerve ending) preparations from cerebral cortex, hypothalamus, and striatum of rat brain in higher concentrations than in these tissues as a whole. The total content and relative specific activity of the peptide increased with progressive purification of the synaptosomal fractions and(More)
The pharmacological effects of the novel compound WEB 1881 FU (4-amino-methyl-1-benzyl-pyrrolidine-2-one-fumarate) were investigated. The tests performed indicate that the compound has cytoprotective as well as metabolism and cognition enhancing and central cholinomimetic properties. The nootropic effects in all tests were more pronounced than those of(More)
1. In the presence of atropine (1 microM), guanethidine (3 microM), indomethacin (3 microM), nifedipine (1 microM), L-nitroarginine (L-NOARG, 100 microM), and the selective tachykinin NK1 and NK2 receptor antagonists, SR 140,333 and GR 94,800, respectively (0.1 microM each), a single pulse of electrical field stimulation (EFS) produced a monophasic(More)
The selectivity profiles of the muscarinic receptor antagonists dicyclomine and trihexyphenidyl have been examined in binding and functional studies and compared with those of pirenzepine and atropine. Dicyclomine, trihexyphenidyl and pirenzepine demonstrated the highest affinity for the M1 muscarinic receptor subtype as revealed in competition experiments(More)
Amyloid beta protein (25-35) failed to significantly interact with tachykinin NK1 (rat forebrain, guinea-pig ileum) NK2 (rabbit pulmonary artery, hamster trachea) or NK-3 (guinea-pig cortex) receptors, as determined by radioligand binding and functional assays. A weak interaction (Ki 14.8 microM) was detected with NK2 receptors in rat small intestine. It(More)
Substance P (SP) and neurokinin A (NKA) are synthesized by enteric cholinergic motorneurons that project to the longitudinal and circular muscle of the mammalian intestine. Thus, acetylcholine, SP, and NKA are the excitatory neuromuscular transmitters in the intestine. Tachykinin NK1 and NK2 receptors are expressed by smooth muscle cells in most regions of(More)