Antonio Giachetti

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1. The aim of this study was the pharmacological characterization of tachykinin NK1 and NK2 receptors mediating contraction in the circular muscle of the guinea-pig ileum and proximal colon. The action of substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA) and of the synthetic agonists [Sar9]SP sulphone, [Glp6,Pro9]SP(6-11) (septide) and [beta Ala8]NKA(4-10) was(More)
1. We have studied the mechanical response of circular strips of the guinea-pig ileum to tachykinins and characterized the receptors involved by means of receptor-selective agonists. 2. The strips responded to both substance P (SP) and neurokinin A (NKA), as well as to [Pro9]-SP sulphone (selective NK1-receptor agonist), [beta Ala8]-NKA(4-10) (selective(More)
AF-DX 116 (see chemical name below) is a competitive antagonist of muscarine receptors in peripheral organs. In contrast to pirenzepine, its behaviour in functional experiments indicates selectivity for the M2 muscarinic subtype. In pithed rats AF-DX 116 inhibits vagally-induced bradycardia, an M2 response, (ED50 32 micrograms/kg i.v.) in preference to the(More)
The M2 subtype of the muscarinic receptor was investigated using the antagonist AF-DX 116. In "in vitro" and "in vivo" experiments, AF-DX 116 behaved as a competitive antagonist and exhibited a selectivity for cardiac muscarinic-mediated functions. It antagonized negative chronotropic and inotropic effects exerted by muscarinic receptor activation in the(More)
1. In the presence of atropine (1 microM), guanethidine (3 microM), indomethacin (3 microM), nifedipine (1 microM), L-nitroarginine (L-NOARG, 100 microM), and the selective tachykinin NK1 and NK2 receptor antagonists, SR 140,333 and GR 94,800, respectively (0.1 microM each), a single pulse of electrical field stimulation (EFS) produced a monophasic(More)
1. The contractile response to substance P, neurokinin A, selective agonists for the NK1, NK2 and NK3 tachykinin receptors and the activity of receptor-selective antagonists has been investigated in circular muscle strips of the guinea-pig isolated renal pelvis in the presence of indomethacin (3 microM). 2. Neurokinin A was the most potent agonist tested,(More)
The interaction of Otilonium bromide (OB) with binding sites for 63 different receptors and ion channels in appropriate preparations has been investigated. Experiments were also performed in rat colon, the preferred tissue for OB 'in vivo' uptake after oral administration. Among the receptors investigated OB binds with sub microM affinity to muscarinic M1,(More)
Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) behaves as a mitogen in epithelial tumor cells as well as in many other cell types. We investigated the actions of PGE(2) on microvascular endothelial cells (capillary venular endothelial cells) with the purpose of delineating the signaling pathway leading to the acquisition of the angiogenic phenotype and to new vessel(More)