Antonio Galtieri

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Haemoglobins from mammals of sub-Arctic and Arctic species, as well as fetal human Hb, are all characterized by a significantly lower Delta H of oxygenation compared with the majority of mammalian haemoglobins from temperate species (exceptions are represented by some cold-resistant species, such as cow, horse and pig). This has been interpreted as an(More)
Sulfate transport by band-3 protein in adult human erythrocytes was shown to be modulated by oxygen pressure. In particular, a higher transport activity was measured under high oxygen pressure than at low one (0.0242+/-0.0073 vs. 0.0074+/-0.0010 min(-1)). Other factors, such as magnesium ions and orthovanadate, which can indirectly affect the binding(More)
Molecules of the plant world are proving their effectiveness in countering, slowing down, and regressing many diseases. The resveratrol for its intrinsic properties related to its stilbene structure has been proven to be a universal panacea, especially for a wide range of neurodegenerative diseases. This paper evaluates (in vivo and in vitro) the various(More)
The three-dimensional structure of Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) from the shark Prionace glauca was homology modeled on the structure of the bovine enzyme used as a template. Shark SOD displays the conservative substitution of one of the residues involved in the electrostatic guidance of superoxide toward the active site of the enzyme, i.e., Lys134,(More)
Within the red blood cell the hemoglobin molecule is subjected to modulation mechanisms, namely homo- and heterotropic interactions, which optimize its functional behavior to the specific physiological requirements. At the cellular level, these modulation mechanisms are utilized to perform a number of other functions that are not minor with respect to the(More)
A minor hemoglobin component of human red blood cell hemolysate, HbA1c, is the result of the non-enzymatic reaction of glucose with the alpha-amino groups of the valine residues at the N-terminus of the beta-chains of human hemoglobin. In this paper, the effect of protons, chloride and 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (DPG) on the functional properties of HbA1c has(More)
The antioxidative activity of some natural flavonoids was analyzed against the stable free radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryhydrazyl. The results indicate that the scavenging power of the tested flavonols is higher than that of the synthetic antioxidants butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene; instead, the flavanones show little activity, as(More)
During our experimental work, aggregation of bovine serum albumin was obtained incubating the protein solution at 60 degrees C to investigate temperature-induced secondary structure, conformation changes and anti-aggregative activity of trehalose. IR-measurements suggested that in the presence of 1.0M of trehalose there is a little increase in short segment(More)
Resveratrol, an important phytoalexine found in many plants, has been shown to be significantly effective in the treatment of several pathological conditions such as cancer, coronary heart disease and osteoarthritis. This study focuses on the effects of this drug on human red blood cells. In particular, we have examined the influence of resveratrol on Band(More)
To further clarify some peculiar molecular mechanisms related to the physiology and pathophysiology of erythrocytes with respect to oxygen binding and release, metabolism and senescence, we investigated the oxidative effects of gemfibrozil in normal and beta-thalassemic red blood cells. Our results showed that the oxidative stress promoted by the drug,(More)