Antonio G. García

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At a given cytosolic domain of a chromaffin cell, the rate and amplitude of the Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]c) depends on at least four efficient regulatory systems: 1) plasmalemmal calcium channels, 2) endoplasmic reticulum, 3) mitochondria, and 4) chromaffin vesicles. Different mammalian species express different levels of the L, N, P/Q, and R subtypes of(More)
Activation of calcium-ion (Ca2+) channels on the plasma membrane and on intracellular Ca2+ stores, such as the endoplasmic reticulum, generates local transient increases in the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration that induce Ca2+ uptake by neighbouring mitochondria. Here, by using mitochondrially targeted aequorin proteins with different Ca2+ affinities, we show(More)
Potassium-stimulated catecholamine release from superfused bovine adrenal chromaffin cells (70 mM K+ in the presence of 2 mM Ca2+ for 10 s, applied at 5-min intervals) was inhibited by the dihydropyridine furnidipine (3 microM) by 50%. omega-Conotoxin MVIIC (CTx-MVIIC, 3 microM) also reduced the secretory response by about half. Combined CTx-MVIIC plus(More)
1. Using the patch-clamp technique we have investigated the kinetic and pharmacological properties of high-voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ channels in short-term-cultured cat chromaffin cells. 2. In 10 mM Ba2+, HVA currents activated around -40 mV, reached maximal amplitude at 0 mV and reversed at about +60 mV. At 0 mV, HVA current activation was fast (mean(More)
Bovine chromaffin cells possess a mixture of high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channel subtypes: L-type, dihydropyridine-sensitive channels, and N-, P- and Q-types, omega-conotoxin MVIIC-sensitive channels. In these cells, we studied the reversible, naloxone-antagonized inhibition of Ba2+ currents by the opioid agonist met-enkephalin (IC50 = 272 nM). This(More)
1. Veratridine (VTD) induced large oscillations of the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and the membrane potential (Vm) in otherwise silent bovine chromaffin cells loaded with fura-2. 2. Depletion of the intracellular Ca2+ stores by thapsigargin or ryanodine did not affect these oscillations. Caffeine had a complex effect, decreasing them in cells(More)
1. The effects of externally applied micromolar concentrations of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) on Ca2+ currents (ICa) were studied in whole-cell clamped adrenaline-secreting chromaffin cells. 2. Ca2+ currents in chromaffin cells activated at about -40 mV, reached a maximum at 0 mV and had an apparent reversal potential at +50 to +60 mV, indicating the(More)
1. Incubation of bovine adrenal chromaffin cells with veratridine (10-100 microM) during 24 h, caused a concentration-dependent release of the cytosolic lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) into the bathing medium, an indicator of cell death. Lubeluzole or its R(-) enantiomer, R91154, did not enhance LDH release. Both lubeluzole and R91154 (0.3-10 microM) decreased(More)
Galantamine is currently used to treat Alzheimer's disease patients; it behaves as a mild blocker of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and has an allosteric modulating action on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). In this study, we observed that galantamine prevented cell death induced by the peptide beta-amyloid(1-40) and thapsigargin in the human(More)
1. This study was planned to clarify the mechanism of Ca2+ channel facilitation by depolarizing prepulses given to voltage-clamped bovine chromaffin cells. The hypothesis for an autocrine modulation of such channels was tested by studying the effects of a soluble vesicle lysate (SVL) on whole-cell Ba2+ currents (IBa). 2. SVL was prepared from a bovine(More)