Antonio Francavilla

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BACKGROUND Augmenter of Liver Regeneration is an important secondary hepatic growth factor. Augmenter of liver regeneration protein has been shown to control mitochondrial gene expression and the lytic activity of liver-resident Natural Killer cells through the levels of interferon-gamma, but the precise enzymatic function of this protein is unknown. AIMS(More)
A full-length cDNA clone encoding a purified augmenter of liver regeneration (ALR) factor prepared from the cytosol of weanling rat livers was isolated. The 1.2-kb cDNA included a 299-bp 5' untranslated region, a 375-bp coding region, and a 550-bp 3' untranslated region. It encoded a protein consisting of 125 amino acids. The molecular weight of ALR(More)
BACKGROUND The gene encoding the hepatotrophic factor Augmenter of Liver Regeneration (ALR) has recently been cloned in the rat. The availability of the mouse form of ALR would allow the analysis of the role of this factor in the physiology of liver and other organs, while the identification of the human homolog would allow the transfer of the great wealth(More)
AIM To evaluate the efficacy of otilonium bromide, a spasmolytic agent, in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome using modern and validated diagnostic criteria. METHODS Three hundred and seventy-eight patients with irritable bowel syndrome were enrolled in the study. At entry, endoscopy/barium enema, clinical examination and laboratory tests were used(More)
AIM To report the results of a prospective, open-label, uncontrolled study in 13 patients affected by Crohn's disease with resistance to steroids. METHODS The patients were treated long-term with oral tacrolimus, aiming to both resolve acute attacks and maintain remission. Tacrolimus was administered at the dose of 0.1--0.2 mg.day/kg and adjusted in order(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We undertook a pilot study to investigate the efficacy and safety of peginterferon alfa-2a (40 kDa) plus ribavirin in haemodialysed chronic HCV patients awaiting renal transplant. METHODS Patients received peginterferon alfa-2a 135 microg/week plus ribavirin 200 mg/day for 24 or 48 weeks (genotype non-1 and 1, respectively). The dose of(More)
Subcutaneous injections of hormone triiodothyronine in rats resulted in peak blood levels at 24 hr with return to baseline by 96 hr. The injections stimulated a liver regeneration response that resembled in timing and in magnitude of DNA synthesis (peak, 24 hr) that induced by 40% hepatic resection. The principal proliferation was of hepatocytes. Although(More)
Orthotopic liver transplantation was performed in two groups of dogs; Group I animals consisted of large dogs that served as recipients of livers obtained from smaller dogs while Group II animals consisted of dogs that received liver from donor dogs of nearly the same size. The small-for-size livers transplanted into the Group I dogs rapidly increased in(More)
As every school child knows, chameleons can regenerate a lost tail. Indeed, regrowth of appendages is a not uncommon phenomenon among other lower animals. In mammals, however, regenerative capacity is much more restricted. The special regenerative capability of the mammalian liver has been recognized over millennia, as epitomized by the ancient legend of(More)
BACKGROUND Multi-matrix (MMx), a new delivery system for mesalazine, seems to release 5-aminosalicyclic acid (5-ASA) preferentially in the sigmoid colon. This study had 2 objectives: (1) to evaluate the therapeutic response to MMx in patients with active left-sided disease and (2) to gain additional insights as to how the therapy would compare with topical(More)