Antonio Finizio

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A GIS-based procedure for assessing and mapping pesticide ecotoxicological risk for surface waters was applied to all active ingredients used in a catchment characterized by intensive agriculture. Chemical concentrations in riverwaterwere calculated for 54 chemicals in 25 drift and 21 runoff events that occurred during the growing season, from March to(More)
Assessing ecological risk in quantitative terms is a site-specific complex procedure requiring evaluation of all possible pathways taken by the chemicals from the contamination source to the targets to be protected. Unfortunately, too many cases lack of physico-chemical and ecotoxicological data makes impossible to quantify the ecological risk. We present(More)
Inter-species correlations could be a useful tool for predicting toxicity and for establishing sensitivity ratios among species. In this paper, quantitative inter-specific chemical activity relationships (QICAR) for aquatic organisms were developed to verify if such an approach could be utilised for estimating toxicological data when no other information is(More)
This work is the first step of a research project on pesticide risk assessment for a coastal lagoon ecosystem (Orbetello lagoon, central Italy). Pesticide exposure was evaluated by means of predictive and experimental approaches. Predicted environmental concentrations (PECs) for water and sediments were estimated using fugacity-based multimedia models.(More)
The need to develop water quality objectives not only for single substances but also for mixtures of chemicals seems evident. For that purpose, the conceptual basis could be the use of the two existing biometric models: concentration addition (CA) and independent action (IA), which is also called response addition. Both may allow calculation of the toxicity(More)
The selection of compounds with a similar toxicological mode of action is a key problem in the study of chemical mixtures. In this paper, an approach for the selection of chemicals with similar mode of action, based on the analysis of structural similarities by means of QSAR and chemometric methods, is described. As a first step, a complete representation(More)
When hedgerows grow in orchards where pesticides are applied, they can play a double role: Providing a barrier for chemical spray drift and as a refuge for beneficial arthropods such as pollinators and predators. Effectiveness of hedgerows as barriers to drift depends mainly on canopy density (that can be estimated through optical porosity) and wind speed.(More)
In a previous article, a procedure for assessing pesticide ecotoxicological risk for surface water was applied to all active ingredients in a pilot basin. This data set has been used to assess the composition of pesticide mixtures that are likely to be present in surface waters as a consequence of pesticide emissions from the crops grown within the basin(More)
A novel approach is proposed to quantitatively assess the environmental risks associated with the use of plant protection products. Different ranking indexes for the classification of pesticide risk in various environmental systems at different time and space scales have been developed: PRIHS-1 and PRIHS-2 (Pesticide Risk Index for Hypogean Soil Systems),(More)
In environmental and ecotoxicological problems, the need for more general predictive models is one of the aims of the science. To reach this objective, the models, even if capable of producing more approximate values, must be applicable to the huge number of chemicals put on the market that are discharged in the environment, at least for setting priority(More)