Antonio Fernando Pestana de Castro

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Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), is the most important recently emerged group of foodborne pathogens. Ruminants, especially cattle, have been implicated as a principal reservoir of STEC, undercooked ground beef and raw milk being the major vehicles of foodborne outbreaks. Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) strains are defined as eae-harboring(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) strains are important agents of infantile diarrhea all over the world, gaining even greater importance in developing countries. EPEC have also been isolated from various animal species, but most isolates belong to serotypes that differ from those recovered from humans. However, it has been demonstrated that several(More)
It is difficult to use tissue culture assays to investigate adherence and other properties of Edwardsiella tarda because the organism is invasive and produces a potent hemolysin. We therefore relied on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to determine the occurrence of genes for enterotoxins (LT-I, EAST-1), Shiga toxin (Stx-1, Stx-2), cytotoxic necrotizing(More)
One hundred and five strains of Escherichia coli that were isolated from calves with diarrhea in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, and were negative for enterotoxins and cytotoxins, were examined for the eae gene. Four (3.8%) strains were positive by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and were shown to produce intimin by using Western blot with specific(More)
Forty-nine avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) strains obtained from chickens suffering from septicemia (24), swollen head syndrome (14) and omphalitis (11), isolated from individuals in different regions of Brazil and from different outbreaks, were studied for their adhesion to trachea epithelial cells, fimbrial expression and hemagglutination(More)
This study evaluated the polymerase chain reaction- restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis of fliC for typing flagella antigen (H) of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) strains isolated from different animals. The molecular typing of the H type was efficient in the determination of 93(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) has been associated with infantile diarrhea and mortality in humans in developing countries. While diarrhea is also a major problem among primates kept in captivity, the role of E. coli is unclear. This study was designed to characterize diarrheagenic E. coli recovered from the feces of 56 New World nonhuman(More)
Forty-nine typical and atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) strains belonging to different serotypes and isolated from humans, pets (cats and dogs), farm animals (bovines, sheep, and rabbits), and wild animals (monkeys) were investigated for virulence markers and clonal similarity by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus(More)
Single-enzyme amplified fragment length polymorphism (SE-AFLP) analyses were used to differentiate 97 isolates of porcine Pasteurella multocida subsp. multocida. The strains, isolated from animals with pneumonia, rhinitis, and septicemia, were classified as capsular types A, D, and F. SE-AFLP showed a discriminatory index of 0.87 and identified 18 different(More)
Escherichia coli isolates recovered from 182 fecal specimens from dogs up to five months old from the cities of São Paulo and Campinas, SP, Brazil, were examined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for several virulence factors and properties. The eae gene was found in 23 isolates of E. coli from 22 dogs, 19 of 146 (13%) from dogs with diarrhea and 3 of 36(More)