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BACKGROUND Muscle-eye-brain disease is a congenital muscular dystrophy with eye and brain involvement due to POMGnT1 mutations. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and molecular features of 3 Italian patients with POMGnT1 mutations. DESIGN Case reports. PATIENTS One patient had muscle and brain abnormalities without eye involvement. Two patients had a(More)
Idiopathic epilepsies (IEs) are a group of disorders characterized by recurrent seizures in the absence of detectable brain lesions or metabolic abnormalities. IEs include common disorders with a complex mode of inheritance and rare Mendelian traits suggesting the occurrence of several alleles with variable penetrance. We previously described a large family(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform an extensive search for genomic rearrangements by microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization in patients with epilepsy. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Epilepsy centers in Italy. PATIENTS Two hundred seventy-nine patients with unexplained epilepsy, 265 individuals with nonsyndromic mental retardation but no(More)
Mutations in POMT1 have been identified in Walker-Warburg syndrome and in patients with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy and mental retardation (LGMD2K). The authors report new POMT1 mutations in three unrelated children with severe motor impairment, leg hypertrophy, and mental retardation but without brain and ocular malformations. These patients are similar(More)
Alterations in the formation of brain networks are associated with several neurodevelopmental disorders. Mutations in TBC1 domain family member 24 (TBC1D24) are responsible for syndromes that combine cortical malformations, intellectual disability, and epilepsy, but the function of TBC1D24 in the brain remains unknown. We report here that in utero TBC1D24(More)
OBJECTIVE Alterations of sphingolipid metabolism are implicated in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative disorders. METHODS We identified a homozygous nonsynonymous mutation in CERS1, the gene encoding ceramide synthase 1, in 4 siblings affected by a progressive disorder with myoclonic epilepsy and dementia. CerS1, a transmembrane protein of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the phenotypic spectrum associated with mutations in TBC1D24. METHODS We acquired new clinical, EEG, and neuroimaging data of 11 previously unreported and 37 published patients. TBC1D24 mutations, identified through various sequencing methods, can be found online (http://lovd.nl/TBC1D24). RESULTS Forty-eight patients were included(More)
Recycling of synaptic vesicles (SVs) is a fundamental step in the process of neurotransmission. Endocytosed SV can travel directly into the recycling pool or recycle through endosomes but little is known about the molecular actors regulating the switch between these SV recycling routes. ADP ribosylation factor 6 (Arf6) is a small GTPase known to participate(More)
Semaphorins are a large family of secreted and membrane-associated proteins necessary for wiring of the brain. Semaphorin 5A (SEMA5A) acts as a bifunctional guidance cue, exerting both attractive and inhibitory effects on developing axons. Previous studies have suggested that SEMA5A could be a susceptibility gene for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). We(More)