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For biological monitoring of heavy metal exposure in occupational toxicology, usually whole blood and urine samples are the most widely used and accepted matrix to assess internal xenobiotic exposure. Hair samples and saliva are also of interest in occupational and environmental health surveys but procedures for the determination of metals in saliva and(More)
Fish and shellfish are an important source not only of toxic heavy metals, but also of essential elements in the diet. In this study, levels of Cu, Mn, Se and Zn have been determined in fresh, canned and frozen fish and shellfish products. A total of 485 samples of the 43 most frequently consumed fish and shellfish species in Andalusia (Southern Spain) were(More)
1. A 27-year-old, previously healthy, worker accidentally drank a solution containing 1,3-dichloropropene. 2. He developed gastrointestinal distress, adult respiratory distress syndrome, haematological and hepatorenal functional impairment and died after 40 h. 3. Damage to the pancreas was also thought to have been caused by the chemical as part of a(More)
Several reports have suggested that exposure to agricultural pesticides (mainly chronic exposure to organophosphates) produces depression, and depression is a major risk factor for suicide. A retrospective epidemiological study of 251 suicide cases was undertaken to explore the possible relationship between the high suicide rates in an intensive(More)
Agricultural and residential use of organophosphate (OP) pesticides has increased in recent decades after banning some persistent pesticides. Although there is evidence of the effects of OPs on neurodevelopment and behaviour in adults, limited information is available about their effects in children, who might be more vulnerable to neurotoxic compounds.(More)
Leukemia is the most common cancer in children, representing 30% of all childhood cancers. The disease arises from recurrent genetic insults that block differentiation of hematopoietic stem and/or progenitor cells (HSPCs) and drives uncontrolled proliferation and survival of the differentiation-blocked clone. Pediatric leukemia is phenotypically and(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus has a multifactorial pathogenesis with a strong genetic component as well as many environmental and lifestyle influences. Emerging evidence suggests that environmental contaminants, including pesticides, might play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetes. OBJECTIVES We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis(More)
The properties of a rat hepatic microsomal enzyme that hydrolyses O,O-diethyl-p-nitrophenylphosphate (paraoxon) were studied and compared to the paraoxon hydrolase activity found in rat plasma. The pH stability for both enzyme activities was optimum between pH 6.0 and 9.0. An overall analysis of the data showed that the microsomal fraction was less(More)
A simple, rapid and sensitive method has been developed and validated for the determination of cocaine and its main metabolites (benzoylecgonine and cocaethylene) in human hair. The method involved solid-phase extraction with an Oasis HLB extraction cartridge and subsequent analysis by GC/MS. The limit of detection was 0.01 ng mg(-1) for cocaine, 0.04 for(More)
Different pesticides, including organophosphates (OPs), have been reported to induce oxidative stress due to generation of free radicals and alteration in antioxidant defence mechanisms. In this study, a cohort of 81 intensive agriculture workers (pesticide sprayers) was assessed twice during the course of a spraying season for changes in erythrocyte(More)