Antonio Dominguez-Meijide

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It has recently been shown that the dopaminergic cell loss induced by neurotoxins is enhanced by brain angiotensin II (AII) via type 1 receptors (AT1). However, the mechanisms involved in the dopaminergic degeneration and the brain inflammatory effects of AII have not been clarified. The RhoA-Rho-Kinase (ROCK) pathway may play a critical role in the(More)
The mechanism by which estrogen protects dopaminergic neurons has not yet been clarified. It is not known if changes in RhoA/Rho kinase activity are involved in the enhanced vulnerability of dopaminergic neurons observed after estrogen depletion. The present study shows that the MPTP-induced loss of dopaminergic neurons is increased by estrogen depletion(More)
The possible interaction between brain hypoperfusion related to aging and/or vascular disease, vascular parkinsonism and Parkinson’s disease, as well as the possible contribution of aging-related chronic brain hypoperfusion in the development or severity of Parkinson’s disease are largely unknown. We used a rat model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion to(More)
It is not known whether the aging-related decrease in dopaminergic function leads to the aging-related higher vulnerability of dopaminergic neurons and risk for Parkinson's disease. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a major role in the inflammatory response, neuronal oxidative stress, and dopaminergic vulnerability via type 1 (AT1) receptors. In the(More)
The small GTP-binding protein Rho plays an important role in several cellular functions. RhoA, which is a member of the Rho family, initiates cellular processes that act on its direct downstream effector Rho-associated kinase (ROCK). ROCK inhibition protects against dopaminergic cell death induced by dopaminergic neurotoxins. It has been suggested that ROCK(More)
Beneficial effects of angiotensin type-1 receptor (AT1) inhibition have been observed in a number of brain processes mediated by oxidative stress and neuroinflammation, including Parkinson's disease. However, important counterregulatory interactions between dopamine and angiotensin systems have recently been demonstrated in several peripheral tissues, and(More)
Dysfunction of iron homeostasis has been shown to be involved in ageing, Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. Increased levels of labile iron result in increased reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress. Angiotensin II, via type-1 receptors, exacerbates oxidative stress, the microglial inflammatory response and progression of(More)
Renin-angiotensin systems are known to act in many tissues, for example, the blood vessel wall or kidney, where a close interaction between angiotensin and dopamine has been demonstrated. Regulatory interactions between the dopaminergic and renin-angiotensin systems have recently been described in the substantia nigra and striatum. In animal models,(More)
Non-neuronal factors such as angiogenesis and neuroinflammation may play a role in l-dopa induced dyskinesias (LID). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β) have been found to be involved in LID. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is involved in the inflammatory response and VEGF synthesis via(More)
Dopamine is an immunomodulatory molecule that acts on immune effector cells both in the CNS and peripheral tissues. However, the role of changes in dopamine levels in the neuroinflammatory response is controversial. The local/paracrine renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a major role in inflammatory processes in peripheral tissues and brain. In the present(More)
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