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The PTEN gene encodes a dual-specificity phosphatase mutated in a variety of human cancers. PTEN germline mutations are found in three related human autosomal dominant disorders, Cowden disease (CD), Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD) and Bannayan-Zonana syndrome (BZS), characterized by tumour susceptibility and developmental defects. To examine the role of(More)
The AKT1, AKT2, and AKT3 kinases have emerged as critical mediators of signal transduction pathways downstream of activated tyrosine kinases and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. An ever-increasing list of AKT substrates has precisely defined the multiple functions of this kinase family in normal physiology and disease states. Cellular processes regulated by(More)
The tumor suppressor PTEN is frequently inactivated in human cancers. A major downstream effector of PTEN is Akt, which is hyperactivated via PTEN inactivation. It is not known, however, whether diminished Akt activity is sufficient to inhibit tumorigenesis initiated by Pten deficiency. Here we showed that the deficiency of Akt1 is sufficient to(More)
Inactivating mutations in the PTEN tumor suppressor gene, encoding a phosphatase, occur in three related human autosomal dominant disorders characterized by tumor susceptibility. Here it is shown that Pten heterozygous (Pten+/-) mutants develop a lethal polyclonal autoimmune disorder with features reminiscent of those observed in Fas-deficient mutants.(More)
Complete inactivation of the PTEN tumor suppressor gene is extremely common in advanced cancer, including prostate cancer (CaP). However, one PTEN allele is already lost in the vast majority of CaPs at presentation. To determine the consequence of PTEN dose variations on cancer progression, we have generated by homologous recombination a hypomorphic Pten(More)
The genetic bases underlying prostate tumorigenesis are poorly understood. Inactivation of the tumor-suppressor gene PTEN and lack of p27(KIP1) expression have been detected in most advanced prostate cancers. But mice deficient for Cdkn1b (encoding p27(Kip1)) do not develop prostate cancer. PTEN activity leads to the induction of p27(KIP1) expression, which(More)
PTEN is a lipid phosphatase, and PTEN mutations are associated with gliomas, macrocephaly, and mental deficiencies. We have used PTEN +/- mice to assess PTEN's role in subventricular zone (SVZ) precursor cells. For cultured SVZ neurosphere cells, haploinsufficiency for PTEN increases phosphorylation of Akt and forkhead transcription factor and slightly(More)
We utilized gene targeting by homologous recombination to define the role that MEF, a transcriptional activating member of the ETS family of transcription factors, plays in lymphopoiesis. MEF-/- mice have a profound reduction in the number of NK-T and NK cells. Purified MEF-/- NK cells cannot lyse tumor cell targets and secrete only minimal amounts of(More)
ERV9 is a class I family of human endogenous retroviral sequences. Somatic cell hybrid genomic hybridization experiments using a mono-chromosomal panel indicate the presence of approximately 120 ERV9 loci in the human genome distributed on most chromosomes. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using an ERV9 cDNA probe containing gag, pol and env(More)
BACKGROUND Poorly differentiated and anaplastic thyroid carcinomas have a rather poor prognosis. The development of relevant model systems to unravel in vitro and in vivo the molecular mechanisms governing the resistance of these tumors to therapy, as well as to test novel drug combinations, is a clear priority for thyroid-focused research. METHODS(More)