Antonio D. Moreno

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In this work, laccase enzymes were evaluated to detoxify the whole slurry from steam-exploded wheat straw. For it, two different strategies, laccase treatment before or after enzymatic hydrolysis, were employed. The detoxification efficiency was analyzed on enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation levels by the thermotolerant yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus.(More)
This work evaluates the in situ detoxification of inhibitory lignocellulosic broths by laccases to facilitate their fermentation by the xylose-consuming Saccharomyces cerevisiae F12. Treatment of wheat straw slurries with laccases prior to SSCF processes decreased the total phenolic content by 50-80%, reducing the lag phase and increasing the cell(More)
BACKGROUND Lignocellulosic bioethanol is expected to play an important role in fossil fuel replacement in the short term. Process integration, improvements in water economy, and increased ethanol titers are key considerations for cost-effective large-scale production. The use of whole steam-pretreated slurries under high dry matter (DM) conditions and(More)
In this study, the thermotolerant yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus CECT 10875 was compared to the industrial strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ethanol Red for lignocellulosic ethanol production. For it, whole slurry from steam-exploded wheat straw was used as raw material, and two process configurations, simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) and(More)
During the capacitation process, spermatozoa acquire the ability to fertilize an oocyte, and upregulation of cAMP-dependent protein tyrosine phosphorylation occurs. Recently, Src family tyrosine kinase (SFK) has been involved in spermatozoa capacitation as a key PKA-dependent tyrosine kinase in several species. This work investigates the expression and role(More)
Future biorefineries will integrate biomass conversion processes to produce fuels, power, heat and value-added chemicals. Due to its low price and wide distribution, lignocellulosic biomass is expected to play an important role toward this goal. Regarding renewable biofuel production, bioethanol from lignocellulosic feedstocks is considered the most(More)
Operating the saccharification and fermentation processes at high-substrate loadings is a key factor for making ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass economically viable. However, increasing the substrate loading presents some disadvantages, including a higher concentration of inhibitors (furan derivatives, weak acids, and phenolic compounds) in(More)
Laccase enzymes are promising detoxifying agents during lignocellulosic bioethanol production from wheat straw. However, they affect the enzymatic hydrolysis of this material by lowering the glucose recovery yields. This work aimed at explaining the negative effects of laccase on enzymatic hydrolysis. Relative glucose recovery in presence of laccase (10IU/g(More)
Different biological approaches, highlighting the use of laccases, have been developed as environmentally friendly alternatives for improving the saccharification and fermentation stages of steam-pretreated lignocellulosic biomass. This work evaluates the use of a novel bacterial laccase (MetZyme) for enhancing the hydrolysability and fermentability of(More)
The continuous increase in the world energy and chemicals demand requires the development of sustainable alternatives to non-renewable sources of energy. Biomass facilities and biorefineries represent interesting options to gradually replace the present industry based on fossil fuels. Lignocellulose is the most promising feedstock to be used in(More)